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IELTS Writing Task 1: Lessons, Tips and Strategies
In the IELTS writing Task 1 for academic you have to describe some kind of graph, diagram, map or process.
Here you will get all the tips and techniques you will need for writing about the Task 1, or to find out how to improve your score if it has been too low.
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IELTS Writing Task 1 Lessons:
How to Write an Academic IELTS Task 1 This starter lessons tells you in simple steps how to structure and write a basic IELTS Graph.
Types of Graph
Graphs Over Time This important lesson shows you what you must do to properly describe a graph or chart that has a period of time.
IELTS Pie Chart In this lesson you'll learn how to write about a pie chart, with tips on how to best organize your answer and advice on the language to use.
IELTS Process In this lesson you'll learn how to describe an IELTS process diagram, with information about organizing your answer and using the passive voice.
Two graphs together Sometimes you get two graphs to describe together. This lessons shows you how to organize your answer if you do.
IELTS Tables This lesson provides you with IELTS practice for tables. It shows you that tables are not that different from other types of graph.
Task 1 Language
Language of Change This lesson explains some useful sentence structures using some common language of change and you can practice the words with a gap fill.
Language to Compare and Contrast Compare and contrast language is needed for most graphs and diagrams so it is important to learn and practice it.
A Common Mistake This lesson takes you through a mistake that is common when describing graphs in Task 1.
Using Prepositions Learn how to use the right prepositions when you are using the language of change in a graph over time.
Describing graphs in the future Sometimes you may be given a graph to describe that is predicting what will happen in the future. View some strategies on how to approach a task 1 like this.
Tenses for graphs, processes, and maps This lesson gives you tips on the types of tenses you should know for the various types of task you could be given.
Task 1 Quizzes Try out these quizzes which give you fun practice or a chance to test your knowledge of the variety of language used for academic task 1.
Organizing a Line Graph (Part 1) Find out about how there is more than one was to organize a task 1 graph, and learn how to write about a graph divided into 'age groups'.
Organising a Line Graph (Part 2) If you want to achieve a high band score for your graph you must ensure it is well-organised. This lesson tells you more about one possible way of doing this.
Overview of Academic Task 1:
Task 1 Quiz Exercises:
Check out our IELTS Quiz page for various interactive quizzes to test and teach yourself about the language for the IELTS writing task 1:
- IELTS Task 1 Quizzes
IELTS Writing Forum:
The writing forum is a place for you to discuss the test or ask questions about it. Reading previous questions asked may help you with things you don't understand so check out the forum here:
- IELTS Writing Task 1 Forum
These are some useful topics and questions that have already been discussed:
- How should I paragraph in IELTS writing task 1?
- How do I organise my graph?
- What tenses do we use in the Task 1?
- What happens if I didn't finish my graph?
And remember you can ask your own question if there is something in the test that you are unsure about.
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IELTS Writing Task 1 Process: An overview, steps and tips
This task, every now and then, presents as a hindrance for test takers owing to its tricky and complicated series of steps within a process or cycle. This article, therefore, will show you a brief introduction of IELTS Writing Task 1 Process as well as steps and tips to ace the task.
1. An overview of IELTS Writing Task 1 Process
Having no data or numbers shown, IELTS Task 1 Process is rather similar to IELTS Task 1 Map. However, instead of a map, this question type is in the form of a process with different steps or a cycle with diverse stages. There are a variety of possible types of process such as a natural process (e.g. water-made cycle), a manufacturing process, a system, etc.
If you are given a task of describing a process in your IELTS exam, it will be a series of pictures showing steps or stages of how a machine, a life-cycle of an animal or human, a phenomenon,etc. are made or how they work.
To be specific, there are normally three types of process:
- Natural process: how a creature is born or a phenomenon is made (e.g. Life cycle of a frog, Process to form rain, etc.)
- Manufacturing process: how a man-made product is made (e.g. Produce coffee, cement, How glass containers and bottles are recycled, etc.)
- Object: how an object changed or how it works (e.g. the development of cutting tools in the Stone Age, etc.)
Your task, in IELTS Writing Task 1 Process is to report all key features and steps/stages in the process and cycle or to make comparisons in terms of an Object describing task. You will have around 20 minutes with at least 150 words written on this task.
Practice now: IELTS Writing Practice Test
2. Structure of IELTS Task 1 Process
It is strongly advised to still have a three-part IELTS Process report:
In one or two sentences, you need to rewrite the process question in your own words (paraphrase) and assure these following key elements to be mentioned:
- Type of diagram (process-cycle)
- Main topic (a structure that is used to generate electricity from wave power)
- Type of process (manufacturing process)
- Time period (no time period)
e.g. The two diagrams show how electricity can be generated from the rise and fall of water caused by sea waves.
In this part, there are no detailed or elaborate descriptions or vocabulary required. In about 1-3 sentences, just give a general description of the process or cycle. You can base on these questions below to have an effective overview:
- How many stages are there in the process?
- What is the beginning and the end of the process?
- What is the raw material? What is the final result produced?
- Are there many changes? What is the most striking change? (for Object)
e.g. The process involves a structure which is mounted on the side of a cliff or sea wall. This structure consists of a large chamber. One end is open to the sea, and the other leads into a vertical column, which is open to the atmosphere. A turbine is installed inside this column and this is used to generate the electricity in two phases.
The body part, as usual, should be divided into two different paragraphs. You can separate the process by describing the first half in the first paragraph and the rest in the second paragraph.
With regards to describing an Object and how it changed, it is advisable to split the body part depending on periods of time given.
e.g. Paragraph 1: Tool A – 1.4 million years ago
Paragraph 2: Tool B – 0.8 million years ago
Remember to describe all the features in detail but each paragraph should be only in three or four sentences in order not to go beyond the word and time limit.
Let’s get started with our free IELTS online test to pass the exam with your highest score.
3. Steps to write a high-scoring IELTS Writing Task 1 Process essay
3.1. step 1: analyse the process question given.
With the same format with all other types of IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 , IELTS Process question also provides candidates with following information:
- Description of the process
(e.g. The diagrams show a structure that is used to generate electricity from wave power.)
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
3.2. Step 2: Find out main features in the process
Based on details of the process such as titles, labels or captions for each picture, you can identify the key characteristics of the process.
In addition, you can refer to these elements to identify the key features in the process:
- Linear or Cyclical Process
– Linear Process: the process happens as a flow with two different starting and ending places
– Cyclical Process: the process happens as a circle going back to the starting place and the cycle repeats over and over again
- The starting and ending places
- Steps/Stages in the process
- Raw materials and final products
3.3. Step 3: Write your IELTS Writing Task 1 essay
Make sure you know well the structure of an IELTS Writing Task 1 report before starting to write:
- Paragraph 1: Introduction
- Paragraph 2: Overview
- Paragraph 3: 1st main features/steps
- Paragraph 4: 2nd main features/steps
4. Tips for IELTS Writing Task 1 Process
- Both active and passive forms should be used flexibly when reporting a process or cycle
- In terms of describing an object, comparisons to show the chances and differences overtime should be utilised.
- Don’t go beyond the word limit (at least 150 words) and time limit (about 20 minutes)
- Don’t give personal opinions while reporting the process
- Use present simple tense if there is no time period mentioned
- Try to use suitable words and phrases for IELTS Writing Task 1 Process to structure and link the process coherently.
5. Vocabulary for IELTS Writing Task 1 Process
Also, if you want to consult the sample template for IELTS Process, visit this: Sample Template For Cycle – Process IELTS Academic Writing Task 1
After this article, hope you can dominate IELTS Writing Task 1 with confidence. If you want to learn more about other aspects of the IELTS exam, please join us on our app and website IELTS TEST PRO!
IELTS Writing Task 1 Structure
In this lesson we’ll learn how to structure an IELTS Writing Task 1 essay.
Here is the basic structure of an IELTS Writing Task 1 essay:
- Introduction: Paraphrase the information in your question.
- Overview: Give a general overview (What are the main points? Don’t include any specific details)
- Body paragraph 1 : Describe and compare specific data and details.
- Body paragraph 2: Describe and compare specific data and details.
How to write an Introduction
One of the easiest and most effective ways to write the introduction is to paraphrase the information in your question.
Use these synonyms to help you paraphrase the question:
- The graph below shows … -> The line graph/ bar chart/ pie chart/ … compares/gives information about …
- from 2000 to 2002 -> between 2000 and 2002
- in the UK, Japan and China -> in three different countries
- the number/amount of something -> how many/much …
Let’s look at an example here:
The chart below gives information about how families in one country spent their weekly income in 1968 and in 2018 .
You can rewite the question using your own words:
The bar chart compares the proportion of spending per week on eight different categories by the average family in an unnamed country in two different years .
NOTE: You don’t need to paraphrase every single word. It’s ok to reuse some of the words in the question.
How to write an Overview
In order to write a good overview paragraph, you need to look at the big picture. Ask yourself:
- What are the main trends?
- The start/turning/end points?
- What are the most important/obvious things in the chart?
- What are the highest/lowest points? Peaks? Lows?
- How many main stages are there?
- Identical figures?
After selecting the main features, it’s important cho choose which main features you should include in your overview. You should only choose 2 to 3 key features. You can start your overview with:
- Overall, …
- It is clear that …
Overall, the total amount of the police budget increased slightly during this time frame and the majority of it was spent on salaries.
You can write your introduction and overview in one paragraph or split them into two, it’s completely up to you.
How to write detail paragraphs
It’s important to choose which data to discuss in your body paragraphs.
Body paragraph is where you bring in specific data related to the main features. It’s crucial to be selective; trying to describe every data point is impractical and unnecessary.
How many detail paragraphs should there be? Usually two paragraphs are enough.
What strategies can I use to enhance my writing skills for IELTS?
The two most important things you can do are read widely and write often. The natural structure of language, especially the skillful weaving of words, phrases, and paragraphs, may be better understood by extensive reading. While it’s helpful to know grammar rules, reading widely can help you comprehend how words organically mix (collocations). In addition, a professional IELTS teacher may help you identify certain places in your writing that need development by providing constructive critique.
What is the ideal number of paragraphs for IELTS Task 1?
You have the flexibility to write either three or four paragraphs. If you opt for four, consider making the first two sentences into standalone paragraphs. The first sentence can form the introductory paragraph, while the second sentence could serve as an overview or summary paragraph.
Is a concluding paragraph necessary in Task 1 Academic?
In contrast to Writing Task 2, Task 1 Academic does not typically require a concluding paragraph. It’s not a mandatory component of your response.
What should be the word count for my response in Task 1?
At the very least, your response should be 150 words long. Some students often feel the need to write more. In such cases, aiming for about 200 words is a good target. However, it’s crucial to balance the length of your response. An excessively long answer could mean spending too much time on Task 1, thereby reducing the time available for Task 2. Remember, the total allotted time for both tasks is 60 minutes. Efficiently dividing this time is key: if you spend 20 minutes on Task 1, you’ll have 40 minutes left for Task 2. Conversely, if Task 1 takes you 30 minutes, you’re left with only 30 minutes for Task 2, which might be insufficient. It’s important to manage your time wisely to allocate adequate time to both tasks.
IELTS Writing Task 1 Bar chart: How families in one country spent their weekly income
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IELTS Task 1- How to Write an Overview
The overview is probably the most important paragraph in the whole essay. In fact, as we will see later in this post, it is very difficult to score 7 or above without a good one.
An overview is simply a summary of the main or most important points in a graph, chart, process or map. It is normally 2-3 sentences long and should be the second paragraph you write in your essay. As we will see below, it also influences what you write in the rest of your essay.
Learn how to write a good one, and you are much more likely to get a high score.
What does the examiner want?
An overview is one of the first things an examiner looks for because it shows them that you can identify the most important information from the graph or chart and clearly identify overall trends and comparisons.
If we look at the official marking scheme, we can see that the word ‘overview’ is mentioned three times:
This means that to get at least a 5 for task achievement we must give some kind of overview. If we do not give any overview, we will always get below a 5. If we select the appropriate data to include in our overview, we get a score of 6, and if it is ‘clear’ we get a 7 for this part of the exam.
If you know how to select the appropriate data and practice writing a clear overview, you will likely get the score you deserve in this section.
What is an overview?
To understand this, we must look at the question. The question for academic task one is always the same:
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features , and make comparisons where relevant.
We, therefore, need to provide a short summary of the main features. You do this in the overview paragraph by picking out 3-4 of the most significant things you can see and writing them in general terms. By general, I mean you do not support anything you see with data from the graph or chart, write about what you can see visually.
How do I select the correct features?
To understand this, we have to think about the different types of graphs and charts we might see. There are generally two different kinds of charts and graphs: dynamic and static.
Dynamic charts show data over time, and static charts show data at just one point in time. This will affect the type of data we select.
When we are looking at dynamic graphs, we should be looking out for:
- What does the data do from the start to the finish?
- Do they generally go up or down, or do they fluctuate?
- Any significant difference from the general trend?
- Overall increase/decrease?
When we look at static graphs, we should be looking for:
- What are the highest/lowest values?
- What are the most noticeable differences?
- Any similarities?
- Any significant exceptions?
Is there any special grammar ?
You should try and make a complex sentence by making a subordinate clause. Complex sentences are sentences with more than one clause, which help increase our marks in the grammatical range part of the marking criteria.
You can easily make a subordinate clause structure in the overview by joining two pieces of information with the words ‘while’. ‘although’, ‘with’, ‘even though’, ‘whereas’ or ‘and’. However, make sure you know the meaning of these words and how they are correctly used in a sentence.
How does an overview fit into the rest of my essay?
The overview should be the second paragraph of a four-paragraph structure:
Paragraph 1- Paraphrase Sentence
Paragraph 2- Overview
Paragraph 3- Details
Paragraph 4- Details
I tell my students to write the overview before the details because it clarifies to the examiner that they have identified the main features and helps them write the details paragraph. In the details paragraphs, you will take the statements you made in the overview and support them with data.
Shouldn’t I write a conclusion?
No. Conclusions are really a summary of what you think or opinions. This is not an opinion essay, and you do not need to write a conclusion. Save your conclusions for task 2.
Below is one final example following the structure I used above. I have highlighted the overview in yellow.
Notice how I have picked out the most significant/noticeable/important features and talked about them very generally in the overview. I have not used any data in the overview. However, I have taken the features from the overview and supported them with data in paragraphs 3 and 4.
Source: Cambridge English IELTS Past Papers.
I hope you found this post useful! Please let me know in the comments section below if you have any questions.
Alternatively, always feel free to email us here: [email protected].
You may also find my grammar guide for IELTS task 1 useful. It has lots of phrases to help you describe data.
For more help with IELTS Writing Task 1, check out my video lesson below:
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Writing Task 1: How to Write an Intro
Posted by David S. Wills | Mar 24, 2017 | IELTS Tips , Writing | 0
Many students are afraid of it, but the IELTS Writing Task 1 can actually be the easiest part of the whole IELTS exam! It’s the only part of the exam, in fact, which is so predictable. You can learn simple structures before the exam that can almost always be used.
What Does a Good Intro Need?
The intro to your IELTS Writing Task 1 needs only two things: to give the main idea and the general trend. You can do this in two sentences, although it’s flexible. Three sentences is also ok.
The first sentence should essentially be a paraphrased version of the question. Take a minute to look at the data and read the question. What is this all about? What is the most important information? That’s what you want to say. Make sure to avoid repeating anything more than a few words from the question, however, or else you’ll be penalized.
This is a little more difficult, but still it shouldn’t be too hard. Look at all of the data and ask what’s the most important? What are the striking features? Compare and contrast to see the most significant aspects.
From that, you should be able to explain the main trend. Did one rate go up whilst another went down? That’s the general trend! Did everything follow a set pattern except one? That’s the general trend! Report this in one or two sentences.
IELTS pro-tip: Don’t use any numbers (except for the date range) in your introduction.
How can we write an introduction for this graph? We need to firstly explain what its purpose is, and then to describe the overall trend.
The graph shows the unemployment rates in the U.S. and Japan over a period of six years, from 1993 to 1999. At the earliest date, the two countries had very different unemployment rates, with Japan’s being very high and America’s being very low, but by the end they were approximately equal.
The graph shows changes in unemployment rates in the U.S. and Japan from March, 1993 to March, 1999. Across this period of time, the two countries experience very different changes in unemployment. The U.S. unemployment rate decreases while the Japanese rate increases.
The graph shows changes in unemployment rates in the U.S. and Japan from March, 1993 to March, 1999. At the beginning of the period, the U.S. and Japanese unemployment rates are very different, but at the end, they are roughly the same.
These three examples demonstrate how there are various possible ways to present the same information in a similar fashion and still be correct.
About The Author
David S. Wills
David S. Wills is the author of Scientologist! William S. Burroughs and the 'Weird Cult' and the founder/editor of Beatdom literary journal. He lives and works in rural Cambodia and loves to travel. He has worked as an IELTS tutor since 2010, has completed both TEFL and CELTA courses, and has a certificate from Cambridge for Teaching Writing. David has worked in many different countries, and for several years designed a writing course for the University of Worcester. In 2018, he wrote the popular IELTS handbook, Grammar for IELTS Writing and he has since written two other books about IELTS. His other IELTS website is called IELTS Teaching.
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Ielts academic - graph writing:.
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How to write an IELTS overview for Task 1
By ielts-jonathan.com on 26 September 2022 0
How to write an Overview Paragraph
In IELTS WRITING Task 1, a well-developed overview paragraph will impress the examiner and lead to a higher BAND score.
The overview comes after the Introduction paragraph.
There are a few things that you need to be able to do in order to write the paragraph you need for a higher score:
Writing an Overview sentence for Task 1 is relatively simple.
I have provided the steps for you to follow, but you will still need to practice writing for different topics and read the questions carefully.
4 Easy Steps
You need to be able to locate the overall change in the pictorial starting from the first year or day or month to the last
You then need to locate the major trend or trends and the most significant features ; these could be the highest and lowest number in the group.
Next, you should consider the whole picture. If I wanted to paraphrase, I could say that you need to look at the big picture or look at the pictorial ‘globally’. In practice, for example, this means looking for differences between categories rather than exact numbers.
And finally, you need to summarise the main trend, key feature or exception .
Too often, I see students get poor marks because they write figures in the Overview paragraph, and I strongly recommend that you do not .
You should always remember, the Overview refers to the ‘ significant ’ and not the ‘ detail ’
Have a look at the overviews I have written and see how I have related the graph to the points I made in 4 Easy Steps .
Q1 – The table below shows the number of prisoners in thousands in five countries between 1950 and 1980.
Here is how I would write an Overview for this chart:
“While the figures for imprisonment fluctuated over the period shown, it is clear that the United States had the highest number of prisoners overall. Great Britain, on the other hand, had the lowest number of prisoners for the majority of the period.”
Q2 – The graph shows the number of internet users in three countries over a decade.
“It is clear from the graph that the proportion of people who use the Internet increased in each country over the period shown. Overall, Mexico had the lowest percentage of Internet users, while Canada experienced the fastest growth in Internet usage.”
Q3 – The graph below shows the differences in wheat exports over three different economic areas.
“It is clear that Canada exported more wheat than Australia and the European Community for most of the period shown. However, while Canada’s wheat exports fluctuated and Australia’s fell, wheat exports from the European Community rose steadily.”
Q4 – The table shows the number of computer workstations available to students in different faculties at a university.
“ It can be concluded from the given information that there are not enough computer terminals in comparison to the number of students in different faculties. It is clear that some faculties with a higher number of students have fewer computer terminals compared to some less populated faculties .”
Note: the information above is fictional and for practice purposes only.
Phrases to use in the Overview
Here I have provided a few phrases that can be used to start Overview paragraphs:
It can be seen from the graph that …
It can be concluded from the graph that …
It is noticeable that …
We can see that …
It is clear that …
Overall , …
Remember, you are looking for significant features so all of the above phrases are suitable for the majority of Overview paragraphs.
It can be seen from the graph that … there are not enough computer terminals.
It can be concluded from the graph that .. there are not enough computer terminals.
It is noticeable that … there are not enough computer terminals.
We can see that … there are not enough computer terminals.
It is clear that … there are not enough computer terminals.
Overall, it is clear that , … there are not enough computer terminals.
Overall , … there are not enough computer terminals.
So there are my basic tips for writing an IELTS TASK 1 Overview
Finally, you can go over to my Facebook page and join other students who are working towards the test.
Join my IELTS WRITING TASK 1 group for free practice.
All the Best,
I’ve taught IELTS and University English in more than a dozen universities and schools around the world.
I’m a parent, traveller and passionate about language teaching and helping students achieve their dreams.
Whilst living in Austria or working in Asia, I run IELTS courses to help students get to where they want to be.
If you are serious about IELTS, connect with me to see how I can help you.
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What Tense to Use in IELTS Writing Task 1
It is essential to use the right tense in IELTS writing task 1, both academic and GT. This page will explain which tenses to use. The academic test will be explained first and lower down the page you will find grammar tips for GT letters.
Also find writing task 1 tips further down the page.
Academic Writing Task 1 Tenses to Use
For IELTS writing task 1, you may be given a map, a diagram, a bar chart, a line graph, a table or a pie chart in the academic test. The IELTS examiner will mark you on the following (each worth 25% of task 1)
- Task Achievement : information, overview, accurate of data
- Coherence & Cohesion : Paragraphing, Linking Words
- Vocabulary: Collocations, Spelling and Accuracy
- Grammar : Sentence structure, tenses , punctuation, grammar range and accuracy
So, you can see that using the right tense is important in IELTS writing task 1 because it falls into the marking criterion of Grammar.
Dates and Tenses
On your IELTS graph, chart, map, diagram or table, you might find dates. These will tell you what tense to use. See the list below:
- No Dates = present tense
- Dates in the Past = Past Tense
- Dates in the Future = Future Forms
- Dates spanning both Past and Future = both Past Tense and Future Forms
Using Passive Voice in IELTS Writing Task 1
There are students who seem to think they will get a high score if they use passive voice. This is not true. You can only use passive voice when it is appropriate and correct to do so. Most writing task 1 will not give you this opportunity. However, if you get a diagram, they are usually a combination of passive and active voice.
Mixing both Past Tense and Future Forms
Here is a sample sentence using both tenses:
In 2010, the number of sales stood at 2 million and is forecast to rise to a peak of 10 million by 2050.
You can see past simple “stood” and future forms of prediction “is forecast to”
IELTS General Training Writing Task 1 Tenses
The examiner will mark you using the same criteria as the AC test, but with one difference in Task Achievement. The IELTS examiner will mark you on the following (each worth 25% of task 1). See below:
- Task Achievement : Purpose, tone and expanding points
For students taking the General Training test. You will use a range of tenses in your letter depending on the aims and purpose. Below are some sample sentences:
- I am writing to …. (present continuous)
- I visited your store … (past simple)
- …the poor service I have received (present perfect)
- I hope the problem will be resolved … (future form and future passive)
- I had hoped that … (past perfect)
Tips for IELTS Writing Task 1
Academic writing task 1 tips, click below:
All Tips, Model Answers, Free Video Lessons & Practice for IELTS writing task 1
GT writing task 1 tips, click below:
Essential 10 tips
Differences between GT and Academic Writing Task 1
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- IELTS Writing Task 2
- IELTS Speaking
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THANKS for the guidance throughout my ielts journey. JUST I received my desired IELTS score of overall 7.5
That’s wonderful! Well done to you 🙂
Congratulations to you. How I wish I can cross that mark.
Dear Liz, Regarding the tense for Task 1 Academic, it is stated that we can use simple present if there is no time specified. But if there is a verb in the question which shows a past incident, then can we use past tense in the overview and body paragraphs? For example the question is “The chart below shows what Anthropology graduates from one university did after finishing their undergraduate degree course”
When you see the past tense used in rubric given by IELTS, it means the information in the chart/graph is in the past and this means you will use a past tense.
Hello Liz, since the introduction in task 1 is almost always too small to make a paragraph and one might need to add the overview to it, how then does a writer achieve 4 paragraphs?
Why do you need four paragraphs? There are no set rules about the number of paragraphs for writing task 1.
This would be my third time over the years doing IELTS test and yet still referring to your website so I can study well. Thanks and hats off to all this hard work you’ve done here!! Lots of love all the way from the Middle East 🙂
Great to know you can still benefit from my lessons. Lots of luck in your next test 🙂
You justify the value of knowledge!! Thanks a lot. I am constantly following your blog as am preparing for IELTS. The content and way of explanation is amazing. Hats off to your incredible work and effort.
I’m very pleased you find my website useful 🙂
Hey Liz, You are brilliant
Hey Liz, I follow your website regularly and found it very useful comparative to any other sites available these days, and even heard from one of a British Council Examiner as he suggested to follow your website for factual information, that amused me.
By the way, please post some more information for GT – Writing task 1 in a video form as I see most of the information is covered for Academic Students only.
Hope you consider my request.
Kindly do the needful. Nishanth
** Also please highlight any mistakes found in this comment **
Nice to know BC examiners are recommending my site 🙂 You can find some GT tips and useful links to model letters on this page: https://ieltsliz.com/ielts-letter-writing-essential-tips/ . I stopped making videos due to health problems, but if I’m a bit stronger next year I might make a few short clips. I’ll put GT letters on my list 🙂
Get well soon Liz and thank you for this amazing site…
Yes it’s true. Once we attended a workshop by British council. They recommended your site there.
Hello Liz, Are we supposed to use indented paragraphs in our writing section? And for internet base IELT general training; will i write my texts/answers on anwers sheet or i type my answers on the computer. Thank you
It makes no difference if you indent or leave an empty line instead. As long as paragraphs are very easy to see, it is fine.
Dear Liz, Is writing task 1 is only for academic test, cannot able to find fins much question & answers for the general test. kindly elaborate for the general test which one I have to write, little confused.
See this page: https://ieltsliz.com/ielts-gt-academic-writing-differences/
20/05/2019 cue card topic Describe a practical skill What is it How you learned How difficult it is Explain how you felt
Thanks for sharing 🙂 However, you might want to consider posting this on a page for speaking 🙂
Hi liz Thanks! I find ur lessons realy helpful. Can u please explain which questions in writing task 1 do not need an overview? Will wait for ur reply.
If you are taking the academic IELTS test, all writing task 1 require an overview. See this page: https://ieltsliz.com/ielts-writing-task-1-lessons-and-tips/
Hi Liz, I took the test just this saturday. I’m worried i might have made a major mistake in task 1. The task description said ‘The plans show a coal mine before and after redevelopment into a visitor attraction’ and showed 2 pictures pre and post renovation of the coal mine. I only focused on the changes made (on the after picture) and used the future tense all throughout the overview and body paragraphs (i used the present tense for the intro) as i was misled by the word ‘plans’ and i assumed that the redevelopment wasn’t done yet (e.g ‘will undergo’ instead of ‘undertook’, ‘will be demolished’ instead of ‘was demolished’, ‘will be converted instead of ‘was converted’, etc.). I finished both tasks with 10 mins to spare and used that time to check for errors in grammar, spelling, vocab & sentence structures (i’m sure i at least have error-free sentences and good grammar). Can i still get at least a 7 for task 1 despite the wrong tense used?
Your score is based on Task Achievement, Coherence and Cohesion, Vocabulary and Grammar. Grammar counts for 25% of your marks and tenses are only one part of that.
DEAR LIZ .;,, Can we write piechart and bargraph in past tense if the date isnot mentiond in the question, One of my ielts teacher told me that would be fine,,but i want to hear from u Please help me
When no date is given, you should use present tense. However, if you choose past tense and stick to that tense throughout your whole report, it will be fine. The problem is when you mix them up and get confused which tense you are using.
Hi mam We can’t write all task 1 in passive voice? And Any disadvantage of use passive voice in task 1?
You must use the correct tense for the dates given and also for the information presented. If you have problems about using the passive voice and don’t understand when to use it or when not to use it, I suggest you find an English language teacher to help you or buy a grammar book.
Hi, Liz! Should I write in future if there is the word estimated in the writing task one, like estimated sales, and no dates given? Thaks in advance.
“Estimated sales” indicates future.
Hey Liz, I wanna ask something. How about the word ‘before and after’ I mean in cambridge ielts 11 theres a question in test 4 about total number of visitors to a museum BEFORE and AFTER its refurbished. There is no dates, just those before and after. I’m kinda confused whether to use present or past tense? Thanks in advance.
Before – use past. After – use present.
Hi I can’t. Write. Task 1
I have never ever tried to write any first task essays which would be with mixed time of past and future tenses, but as I recently took my exam, I was faced with the mixed tenses and could not deal with that and thus got a low score. So that, could you please explain me or give me a link to a page where I could learn the main structure of the type of task one question? I would be really thankful for your help me if you do not mind please, give me some more example essays with band 9
The first time you need to get clear is that task 1 is NOT an essay. Writing task 1 is a report based on data or any visual representation of information given. If the datas are from past to present, there is no specific structure. The report is structure as usual depending on key features. The grammar will reflect both time period: “The number of sales rose from 5,000 in 2000 and is estimated to reach a peak of 30,000 in 2050.” (both past and future forms)
I would like to ask you whether it is bad to start an introduction for task 1 with something like this or not:
‘The given visual matirial provides us with the information about …”
I just wondered if this word ‘us’ is too informal for this kind of report?
This is not appropriate to use for writing task 1. If it is a table, then you introduce a table, not “given visual material”.
Hi Liz, First and foremost, Thank you very much for the great work that you are doing, You are simply awesome! I am going to appear for IELTS – GT this month end, and I have few queries to you:
1. While answering to Listening or Reading section, for sentence completion kind of questions, do we need to use Initial caps even if it is not a noun? I have this confusion. Do we lose mark for this?
2. What does it mean, if the part of the answer is mentioned in the brackets? Eg. (a) Pilot study, though there instructed as ‘No more than 3 words’
3. In some of the practice test answer keys, they have mentioned the answer both in singular and plural as ‘Instructor/Instructors’ – Is it correct or safe to mention like this? I am losing marks mostly in plural during my practice sessions
4.In a scenario, the instruction clearly states as ‘One word only’ but the answer for a question is 2 years. Without specifying the word ‘years’ the sentence would not deliver a correct meaning in the listening test. What do I need to do on this scenario? Will bracketing work on this occasion?
5.I am appearing through BC and my friend appeared through IDP in the early on this month. I happened to get his practice work book and it seems very tough when compared to BC workbook. I had a confidence while worked out with my BC practice tests whereas the same is lacking with IDP. Why there is a difference? B’coz I heard that the exam will be same irrespective of the centers, but this leaves a doubt in me.
It would be of an immense help if you could kindly advise on the above questions. Thanks Liz.
And one more request Liz, I would like my writing on task 1 to get evaluated by you, if your time permits, so that I could do some fine tuning on the same. If you are ok, kindly let me know your email to send the pic of my writings, since i have written in a paper.
Thanks again LIZ 🙂
Hi, sounds like there is still a lot you are unsure about in IELTS. Always check my information page: https://ieltsliz.com/ielts-help-faq/ . Here are some answers to your questions: 1. Capital letters are not considered in listening or reading. That means you can use them, not use them, use them incorrectly, mix them up – nothing matters. Just ignore them. If you want to write all answers in capitals, do so. 2. In answer keys there are can sometimes be more than one possible answer. For example, “a pilot” or “pilot”. When this is the case, the answer key is written as “(a) pilot” which shows the “a” is optional. You can’t write like this in your test. You must choose one answer and write it. 3. You must write only one answer – singular or plural. This is a test, and it’s testing your understanding of plurals. 4. IELTS never write “one word only”. Are you using real IELTS tests which are published by IELTS. If you are downloading for free from other websites, you are not using real tests. Be aware of fakes. Use the IELTS Cambridge test books from 1 to 11. 5. BC do not write their tests. IDP do not write their test. The IELTS tests are written by a third party. Any difference between tests is random and not based on centers. Sorry I don’t offer marking at present. See my main writing task 1 page: https://ieltsliz.com/ielts-writing-task-1-lessons-and-tips/ Good luck!
There is this book for writing task 1 that i’ve purchased and it has a sentence “The sewer line close to my home overflew resulting into streaming of sewer water on the road” I wanted to know if i can use “overflowed” instead of “overflew” Because the word “overflew” sounds wrong to me somehow.
This sentence is grammatically incorrect with more than one mistake. I recommend you stop using that book.
Is it still true that the writing Task-1 for GT would have letter writing and not any graphs which we need to explain?
The Oficial IELTS Websites still make it clear that GT writing task 1 is a letter.
Thanks for the clarification, Liz.
I have one more question on GT Reading. I am appearing for IELTS GT and have been going through Cambridge practice tests for IELTS. I find that the GT reading samples given in these books are easier and have moderate vocabulary in the reading passages when compared to the IDP sample tests, that I received on booking my test. The IDP reading samples are tough to interpret in the given time and have complex sentence structures. Would it be same in the actual test as well?
The tests are not written by IDP or BC. So, the test doesn’t vary – of course individual tests may slightly but that’s all.
thank you very much. 7/10 it is useful .
Hello Liz I’m an English teacher in Greece and I would like some information on how to help students with the IELTS exams. Any books to study, apart from your great tips?
On the whole, I learned my tips by doing test after test myself. I also spent a lot of time helping students and understanding how best to help them.
Hello , I have a question could you please tell me how important it is to paraphrase the writing task 2 in our introduction ( the first 2 lines of the essay) as i have seen on many blogs people just start will the topic such as , It is seen, It is true , or just the answer of what is asked and not paraphrase the question given .
You can’t copy the question, you need to paraphrase it which means write it again in your own words.
just a quick question, in listening section if the answer is “internet users” will the Users of internet” be considered correct or not.
It would be wrong. You must write down what you hear.
Hi Liz, i used your website for preparing for my test today. Please I have an issue. My task one had no dates but they gave a general statement in past tense (a study was done on global warming and the tables shows the suggestion of respondents). Since there was no date, I used present tense to answer, but someone told me that I should have used past tense because of the statement.
If the information given to you shows it is past tense, you should use past tense. You can’t ignore that you have been told it is all in the past.
Hi there Liz, I would just like to verify if it is possible to use past tense in writing task 1 even if there is no specific time indicated in the question? Thank you vry much
It is recommended to use the present tense when there are no dates given. However, if you decide to use the past in this case and you use it all the way through your task 1 report, then it wouldn’t be considered a big mistake and you could still do quite well.
This is good tips I read. This is my first time to join to IELTS course as I am preparing for exams but it needs a time to prepare all vocabulary.
Yes, take time to prepare ideas for topics in speaking and writing as well as vocabulary.
Dear great teacher liz Thank you for your valuable information “I had hoped that you would come in time” such a new sentence for me
may you long live
Better to write: I had hoped you would have arrived in time.
Thanks for all your free tips and lessons pertaining to IELTS. I really found them valuable when I took the test on the fourth of March 2017.
I hope your test went well 🙂
hello mam…if there is verb given in past tense in question ……then in which tense i shoud write?
If the dates are in the past, you use past tense, usually past simple.
Thnks Liz All the information is very useful for me.
You’re welcome 🙂
I cannot find your lessons for Letter writing task on YouTube.
I don’t have any videos for that yet. Just my pages of tips and model letters: https://ieltsliz.com/ielts-letter-writing-essential-tips/
Thank for your reply. I will study it.
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Task 1-A samples with tips and answers
Sample 1 Pie chart
Sample 2 Diagram
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IELTS Academic Writing Task 1
In this task you will be presented with a graph, table, chart or diagram and asked to describe, summarise or explain the given information.
How to answer IELTS Academic Task 1?
1) Analyse the graph
Firstly, you need to get an overview of the graph/chart/diagram you will describe. Look for general trends, changes and key features to get an idea of how you will structure the information.
- Car was the most popular type of transport in all countries, except for Germany.
- In Great Britain and USA, there are big differences between percentages of people who choose some kind of transport.
- In Germany, percentages of people who choose car and bicycle are roughly the same.
- In France, percentages of people who choose motorcycle and bicycle are nearly equal.
- Motorcycle was the least popular type of transport in all countries, except for the USA.
- Overall, car is the most chosen transport, bicycle is on the second place and motorcycle is the least chosen transport.
2) Write an answer with the following structure:
Once you've thought out all patterns on the graph, you can start writing your answer.
You can learn more about how to answer Writing task 1 .
Don't forget to use special vocabulary to describe graphs and linking structures . Also use words from academic wordlist .
Don't worry if you think there is too much or not enough information!
Remember that the purpose of Academic Task 1 is to test your ability to distinguish and describe the changes and trends you see on the graph.
If you think that there is not enough information on the graph to write 150 words: don't panic! Write in detail about every single alteration and support your writing with a lot of data.
If you think that there is too much information on the graph: also don't panic! Don't ornately depict each change on the graph, but try to see a few main trends instead.
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How to Organize Essays with Simple Paragraphs in IELTS Writing
February 25, 2024 By Ben Worthington
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In this tutorial, we discuss proper essay and sentence structures necessary for IELTS Writing.
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IELTS Updates And Recent Exams
IELTS Updates And Recent Exams provide complete, efficient and intensive IELTS preparation material to help you achieve the dream score you need. IELTS Updates And Recent Exams upload all Recent IELTS Exam Questions across the globe.
24 February 2024, IELTS Exam, Writing Task 2, Evening Slot, INDIA
Q. Employers should give their staff at least a four week holiday a year so that they can do their job better. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Today, employers and public developers are struggling to determine the distribution of leave for employees. Some people say that employees should take a month off every year, but while this may have some positive effects, I completely disagree with this statement.
It's true that there are some benefits to taking a long vacation. First, this trend will give employees more time to de-stress after long working hours by engaging in activities such as traveling or participating in recreational activities. For example, employees adjust their work status after a break, which ultimately leads to increased work efficiency. Secondly, if employees have more time to care for children, they will be more willing to devote their energy to the work process. In fact, when employees are satisfied with their personal lives, they tend to prioritize career goals. This is an excellent environment for business growth.
On the other hand, the policy of extending vacations will also bring some inconveniences that may threaten business. Towards the end of the vacation, employees' mental and physical abilities become inactive due to long hours spent without performing routine tasks such as typing reports or conducting research. This results in a lack of functional competence in the workplace, which significantly impacts company performance. Additionally, small companies with only a few employees may need to delay some project deadlines. This results in a lack of sufficient skills in the workplace, which significantly impacts the company's productivity.
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