Learn Ubuntu

Static IP in Ubuntu

Set static IP in Ubuntu using Terminal

Pratham Patel

Table of Contents

Normally, the router's DHCP server handles assigning the IP address to every device on the network, including your computer.

The DHCP server may also give you a new IP address occasionally. This could cause a problem if you have a home lab or server setup that works on a fixed IP address.

You need to set a static IP address on your Ubuntu system to avoid problems.

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Step 1: Identify the correct network interface

The first step is always to know the name of your network interface.

"But why?" you might ask. That is because since Ubuntu 20.04, the network interfaces are named using predictable network interface names . This means your one and only ethernet interface will not be named 'eth0'.

Ubuntu Server and Ubuntu Desktop use different renderers for 'netplan', they are 'systemd-networkd' and 'NetworkManager', respectively. So let's go over their differences.

Ubuntu Server

To see available network interfaces on Ubuntu Server, run the following command:

Doing so will show a similar result:

The output enumerates network interfaces with numbers.

From this, I can see that the ethernet interface is 'enp1s0'.

Ubuntu Desktop

The advantage (at least in my opinion) of having Ubuntu Desktop is having NetworkManager as the renderer for netplan .

It has a pretty CLI output :)

Run the following command to view the available network interfaces:

That will give you the device name, type, state and connection status.

Here is what it looks like on my computer:

This is more readable at first glance. I can make out that my ethernet interface is named 'enp1s0'.

set static ip address ubuntu command line

Step 2: See current IP address

Now that you know which interface needs to be addressed, let us edit a file .

Before I change my IP address/set a static one, let us first see what my current IP address is .

Nice! But let's change it to '192.168.122.128' for demonstration purposes.

Step 3: See the gateway

A gateway is a device that connects different networks (basically what your all-in-one router is). To know the address of your gateway, run the following command:

The gateway address will be on the line that begins with "default via".

Below is the output of running the ip command on my computer:

On the line that starts with "default via", I can see that my gateway address '192.168.122.1'

Make a note of your gateway address.

Step 4: Set static IP address

Now that you have detail like interface name and gateway address, it is time to edit a config file.

Step 4-A: Disable cloud-init if present

The easiest way to know if cloud-init is present or not is to check if there is a package with that name.

Run the following command to check:

If you get an outupt, you have 'cloud-init' installed.

Now, to disable could-init, create a new file inside the /etc/cloud/cloud.cfg.d directory. The name does not matter, so I will call it '99-disable-cloud-init.cfg'.

Add the following line to it:

Please reboot your Ubuntu system now so that cloud-init does not interfere when we set our static IP address in the next step. :)

Back to Step 4

Once the 'cloud-init' related configuration is complete, we must now edit the netplan configuration to add our static IP address.

Go to the /etc/netplan directory. It is better if there is one file (easier to know which one to edit), but in some cases, there might also be more than one file with the extension '.yml' or '.yaml'.

When in doubt, grep for the name of your network interface. Use the following command if you are not comfortable with grep:

Since the name of network interface for my ethernet is 'enp1s0', I will run the following command:

running this command shows that the file I am looking for is '00-installer-config.yaml'. So let us take a look at it.

You might have noticed a line that says 'ethernet' and our network interface name under that. Under this is where we configure our 'enp1s0' network interface.

Since we do not want DHCP assigned IP address, let us change that field from true to no .

Add a field called addresses . Write the IP address you wish to assign your computer along with the network prefix. So I will write 192.168.122.128/24 in the addresses field.

Finally, we also need to specify DNS nameservers. For that, create a new field called nameservers and under that, create a field called addresses which contains the IP address for your DNS servers . I used Cloudflare's DNS servers but you can use whatever you want.

This is what my '00-installer-config.yaml' file looks like after editing it to my liking.

To apply the settings, run the following command:

This will take only a few seconds, and the IP address will be updated once it is done.

You can check the IP address using the hostname -I command.

Perfect! The IP address has now changed successfully.

set static ip address ubuntu command line

I know that it feels complicated but this is the proper procedure when you are trying to assign static IP via the command line in Ubuntu.

Let me know if you are stuck at some point or encounter any technical issues.

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How to set a static ip address in ubuntu.

When static is the way forward.

Quick Links

What is a static ip address, setting a static ip in ubuntu, set a static ip in ubuntu with the gui, connection convenience, key takeaways.

After gathering your connection name, subnet mask, and default gateway, you can set a static IP address in the terminal using the nmcli command. Or, in the GNOME desktop, open your connection settings and click the + icon, then enter the info for your static IP address there.

Your home network relies on IP addresses to route data between devices, and sometimes on reconnecting to the network a device's address can change. Here's how to give an Ubuntu Linux computer a permanent IP address that survives reboots.

Everything on your network home network, whether it's using a wired connection or Wi-Fi, has an IP address . IP stands for Internet Protocol. An IP address is a sequence of four numbers separated by three dots. Each IP address that is unique within that network.

IP addresses act as numeric labels. Your router uses these labels to send data between the correct devices. Usually, your router assigns IP addresses. It knows which IP addresses are in use and which are free. When a new device connects to the network, it requests an IP address and the router allocates one of the unused IP addresses. This is called DHCP, or dynamic host configuration protocol .

When a device is restarted or powered off and on, it may receive its old IP address once more, or it might be allocated a new IP address. This is normal for DHCP and it doesn't affect the normal running of your network. But if you have a server or some other computer that you need to be able to reach by its IP address, you'll run into problems if its IP address doesn't survive power downs or reboots.

Pinning a specific IP address to a computer is called allocating a static IP address . A static IP address, as its name suggests, isn't dynamic and it doesn't change even if the computer is power-cycled .

Nmcli is the command-line network manager tool , and can be used to change your IP address, configure network devices, and --- relevant to our purposes --- set up a static IP in Ubuntu.

We're demonstrating this technique on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS, but it ought to work on any Linux distribution, including Ubuntu 23.04. The nmcli tool was released in 2004, so it should be present on just about any standard distribution.

Let's take a look at the network connections that already exist on the computer. We're using the connection command with the show argument.

nmcli connection show

Using nmcli to list network connections

This displays some information about each connection. We only have a single connection configured.

The details of a single network connection displayed by nmcli

The output is wider than the terminal window. This is the information that we're shown.

  • Name : Our network connection is called "netplan-enp0s3."
  • UUID : The universally unique identifier Linux uses to reference this connection internally.
  • Type : This is an ethernet connection.
  • Device : This connection is using the "enp0s3" network interface. It's the only network card in this computer.

We can use the ip command to discover the IP address this computer is using.

The output of the ip addr command showing the ip address of the computer

In the output we can see the "enp0s3" entry, and its current IP address, 192.168.86.117. The "/24" is a shorthand way of saying that this network uses a 255.255.255.0 subnet mask . Take a note of this number, we'll need to use it later.

We need to choose the IP address we're going to set as our static IP address. Obviously, you can't use an IP address that is already in use by another device. One safe way to proceed is to use the current IP address assigned to the Ubuntu system. We know for certain that nothing else is using that IP address.

If we want to use a different IP address, try pinging it. We're going to test whether IP address 192.168.86.128 is in use. If everything else on your network uses DHCP and you get no response to the ping command, it should be safe to use.

ping 192.168.86.128

Using ping to determine if an IP address is in use

Even if another device had previously used that IP address, it'll be given a new IP address when it next boots up. Nothing responds to the ping requests, so we're clear to go ahead and configure 192.168.86.128 as our new static IP.

We also need to know the IP address of your default gateway , which will usually be your broadband router. We can find this using the ip command and the route option, which we can abbreviate to "r."

Using the ip command to find the IP address of the default gateway

The entry that starts with "default" is the route to the default gateway. Its IP address is 192.168.86.1. Now we can start to issue commands to set up our static IP address.

The first command is a long one.

sudo nmcli con add con-name "static-ip" ifname enp0s3 type ethernet ip4 192.168.86.128/24 gw4 192.168.86.1

Creating a new connection with the nmcli command

Taken in small chunks, it's not as bad as it looks. We're using sudo . The nmcli arguments are:

  • con : Short for "connection."
  • add : We're going to add a connection.
  • con-name "static-ip" : The name of our new connection will be "static-ip."
  • ifname enp0s3 : The connection will use network interface "enp0s3."
  • type ethernet : We're creating an ethernet connection.
  • ip4 192.168.86.128/24 : The IP address and subnet mask in classless inter-domain routing notation . This is where you need to use the number you took note of earlier.
  • gw4 192.168.86.1 : The IP address of the gateway we want this connection to use.

To make our connection a functioning connection, we need to provide a few more details. Our connection exists now, so we're not adding anything, we're modifying settings, so we use the mod argument. The setting we're changing is the IPv4 DNS settings. 8.8.8.8 is the IP address of Google's primary public DNS server , and 8.8.4.4 is Google's fallback DNS server.

Note that there is a "v" in "ipv4." In the previous command the syntax was "ip4" without a "v." The "v" needs to be used when you're modifying settings, but not when adding connections.

nmcli con mod "static-ip" ipv4.dns "8.8.8.8,8.8.4.4"

Using the nmcli command to set the DNS servers for a connection

To make our IP address static, we need to change the method which the IP address obtains its value. The default is "auto" which is the setting for DHCP. We need to set it to "manual."

nmcli con mod "static-ip" ipv4.method manual

Using the nmcli command to set an IP address to static

And now we can start or "bring up" our new connection.

nmcli con up "static-ip" ifname enp0s3

Using the nmcli command to start a network connection

We didn't get any error messages which is great. Lets use nmcli to look at our connections once more.

nmcli con show

The details of two network connections displayed by nmcli

Here's the output:

Our static-ip connection is active and using device "enp0s3." The existing connection "netplan-enp0s3" is no longer associated with a physical network interface because we've pinched "enp0s3" from it.

Click the icons at the far-right end of the system bar to show the system menu, then click on the "Wired Connected" menu option. If you're using a wireless connection, instead click the name of your Wi-Fi network.

The available connections are displayed. A dot indicates which is in use. Click the "Wired Settings" or "Wi-Fi Settings" menu option. The details of the active connection are displayed.

If you followed our previous instructions the new connection will be the active connection. We can see our new "static-ip" connection has the IP address, default gateway, and DNS servers that we set for it.

The system menu with the

To create a new connection using the "Settings" application, click the " + " icon on the "Networks" page, above the list of wired connections.

The wired connection section in the Network tab of the Settings app

A dialog appears. We need to provide a name for our new static IP connection.

Giving a name to a new connection profile in the

We're calling our new connection "static-2." Click the "IPv4" tab.

Supplying the IPv4 connection details to a new connection profile in the

Select the "Manual" radio button, and complete the "Address", "Netmask", and "Gateway" fields. Also complete the DNS field, and then click the green "Apply" button. Note the comma between the DNS entries.

Our new connection is listed in the "Wired" connections pane.

A newly-added connection in the wired connection section of the Network tab of the Settings app

You can swap between the available connections by clicking directly on their names.

If you want to modify a connection after you create it, click the cog icon. In this case, we'll enter the settings for the "static-ip" connection.

The wired connection section in the Network tab of the Settings app

A dialog box opens. Click on the "IPv4" tab.

The IPv4 tab of the connection settings dialog

Because we set our new IP address to be static, the "Manual" radio button is selected. You could change this back to DHCP by selecting the "Automatic (DHCP)" radio button, and clicking the green "Apply" button.

Using the nmcli command or the GNOME desktop and apps, you can hop between network connections very easily and very quickly.

It's more convenient to have a selection of connection profiles and move between them as you need to, rather than to have one that you keep editing. If something goes horribly wrong with the connection you're editing or adding, you can always fall back on one of the existing connections.

Setting a Static IP in Ubuntu – Linux IP Address Tutorial

In most network configurations, the router DHCP server assigns the IP address dynamically by default. If you want to ensure that your system IP stays the same every time, you can force it to use a static IP.

That's what we will learn in this article. We will explore two ways to set a static IP in Ubuntu.

Static IP addresses find their use in the following situations:

  • Configuring port forwarding.
  • Configuring your system as a server such as an FTP server, web server, or a media server.

Pre-requisites:

To follow this tutorial you will need the following:

  • Ubuntu installation, preferably with a GUI.
  • sudo rights as we will be modifying system configuration files.

How to Set a Static IP Using the Command Line

In this section, we will explore all the steps in detail needed to configure a static IP.

Step 1: Launch the terminal

You can launch the terminal using the shortcut Ctrl+ Shift+t .

Step 2: Note information about the current network

We will need our current network details such as the current assigned IP, subnet mask, and the network adapter name so that we can apply the necessary changes in the configurations.

Use the command below to find details of the available adapters and the respective IP information.

The output will look something like this:

image-14

For my network, the current adapter is eth0 . It could be different for your system

  • Note the current network adapter name

As my current adapter is eth0 , the below details are relevant.

It is worth noting that the current IP 172.23.199.129 is dynamically assigned. It has 20 bits reserved for the netmask. The broadcast address is 172.23.207.255 .

  • Note the subnet

We can find the subnet mask details using the command below:

Select the output against your adapter and read it carefully.

image-15

Based on the class and subnet mask, the usable host IP range for my network is: 172.23.192.1 - 172.23.207.254 .

Subnetting is a vast topic. For more info on subnetting and your usable IP ranges, check out this article .

Step 3: Make configuration changes

Netplan is the default network management tool for the latest Ubuntu versions. Configuration files for Netplan are written using YAML and end with the extension .yaml .

Note: Be careful about spaces in the configuration file as they are part of the syntax. Without proper indentation, the file won't be read properly.

  • Go to the netplan directory located at /etc/netplan .

ls into the /etc/netplan directory.

If you do not see any files, you can create one. The name could be anything, but by convention, it should start with a number like 01- and end with .yaml . The number sets the priority if you have more than one configuration file.

I'll create a file named 01-network-manager-all.yaml .

Let's add these lines to the file. We'll build the file step by step.

The top-level node in a Netplan configuration file is a network: mapping that contains version: 2 (means that it is using network definition version 2).

Next, we'll add a renderer, that controls the overall network. The renderer is systemd-networkd by default, but we'll set it to NetworkManager .

Now, our file looks like this:

Next, we'll add ethernets and refer to the network adapter name we looked for earlier in step#2. Other device types supported are modems: , wifis: , or bridges: .

As we are setting a static IP and we do not want to dynamically assign an IP to this network adapter, we'll set dhcp4 to no .

Now we'll specify the specific static IP we noted in step #2 depending on our subnet and the usable IP range. It was 172.23.207.254 .

Next, we'll specify the gateway, which is the router or network device that assigns the IP addresses. Mine is on 192.168.1.1 .

Next, we'll define nameservers . This is where you define a DNS server or a second DNS server. Here the first value is   8.8.8.8 which is Google's primary DNS server and the second value is 8.8.8.4 which is Google's secondary DNS server. These values can vary depending on your requirements.

Step 4: Apply and test the changes

We can test the changes first before permanently applying them using this command:

If there are no errors, it will ask if you want to apply these settings.

Now, finally, test the changes with the command ip a and you'll see that the static IP has been applied.

image-17

How to Set a Static IP Using the GUI

It is very easy to set a static IP through the Ubuntu GUI/ Desktop. Here are the steps:

  • Search for settings .
  • Click on either Network or Wi-Fi tab, depending on the interface you would like to modify.
  • To open the interface settings, click on the gear icon next to the interface name.
  • Select “Manual” in the IPV4 tab and enter your static IP address, Netmask and Gateway.
  • Click on the Apply button.

image-16

  • Verify by using the command ip a

image-18

In this article, we covered two methods to set the static IP in Ubuntu. I hope you found the article useful.

What’s your favorite thing you learned from this tutorial? Let me know on Twitter !

You can read my other posts here .

I am a DevOps Consultant and writer at FreeCodeCamp. I aim to provide easy and to-the-point content for Techies!

If you read this far, thank the author to show them you care. Say Thanks

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How to Assign Static IP Address on Ubuntu Linux

Dimitrios

Brief: In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to assign static IP address on Ubuntu and other Linux distributions. Both command line and GUI methods have been discussed.

IP addresses on Linux Systems in most cases are assigned by Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) servers. IP addresses assigned this way are dynamic which means that the IP address might change when you restart your Ubuntu system . It’s not necessary but it may happen.

Dynamic IP is not an issue for normal desktop Linux users in most cases . It could become an issue if you have employed some special kind of networking between your computers.

For example, you can share your keyboard and mouse between Ubuntu and Raspberry Pi . The configuration uses IP addresses of both system. If the IP address changes dynamically, then your setup won’t work.

Another use case is with servers or remotely administered desktops. It is easier to set static addresses on those systems for connection stability and consistency between the users and applications.

In this tutorial, I’ll show you how to set up static IP address on Ubuntu based Linux distributions. Let me show you the command line way first and then I’ll show the graphical way of doing it on desktop.

Method 1: Assign static IP in Ubuntu using command line

Static IP set up Ubuntu

Note for desktop users : Use static IP only when you need it. Automatic IP saves you a lot of headache in handling network configuration.

Step 1: Get the name of network interface and the default gateway

The first thing you need to know is the name of the network interface for which you have to set up the static IP.

You can either use ip command or the network manager CLI like this:

In my case, it shows my Ethernet (wired) network is called enp0s25:

Next, you should note the default gateway IP using the Linux command ip route :

As you can guess, the default gateway is 192.168.31.1 for me.

Step 2: Locate Netplan configuration

Ubuntu 18.04 LTS and later versions use Netplan for managing the network configuration. Netplan configuration are driven by .yaml files located in /etc/netplan directory.

By default, you should see a .yaml file named something like 01-network-manager-all.yaml, 50-cloud-init.yaml, 01-netcfg.yaml.

Whatever maybe the name, its content should look like this:

You need to edit this file for using static IP.

Step 3: Edit Netplan configuration for assigning static IP

Just for the sake of it, make a backup of your yaml file.

Please make sure to use the correct yaml file name in the commands from here onward.

Use nano editor with sudo to open the yaml file like this:

Please note that yaml files use spaces for indentation . If you use tab or incorrect indention, your changes won’t be saved.

You should edit the file and make it look like this by providing the actual details of your IP address, gateway, interface name etc.

In the above file, I have set the static IP to 192.168.31.16.

Save the file and apply the changes with this command:

You can verify it by displaying your ip address in the terminal with ‘ip a’ command.

If you don’t want to use the static IP address anymore, you can revert easily.

If you have backed up the original yaml file, you can delete the new one and use the backup one.

Otherwise, you can change the yaml file again and make it look like this:

Method 2: Switch to static IP address in Ubuntu graphically

If you are on desktop, using the graphical method is easier and faster.

Go to the settings and look for network settings. Click the gear symbol adjacent to your network connection.

Assign Static IP address in Ubuntu Linux

Next, you should go to the IPv4 tab. Under the IPv4 Method section, click on Manual.

In the Addresses section, enter the IP static IP address you want, netmask is usually 24 and you already know your gateway IP with the ip route command.

You may also change the DNS server if you want. You can keep Routes section to Automatic.

Assigning static IP in Ubuntu Linux

Once everything is done, click on Apply button. See, how easy it is to set a static IP address graphically.

If you haven’t read my previous article on how to change MAC Address , you may want to read in conjunction with this one.

More networking related articles will be rolling out, let me know your thoughts at the comments below and stay connected to our social media.

Dimitrios is an MSc Mechanical Engineer but a Linux enthusiast in heart. His machines are powered by Arch Linux but curiosity drives him to constantly test other distros. Challenge is part of his per

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Tecmint: Linux Howtos, Tutorials & Guides

How to Configure Static IP Address on Ubuntu 20.04

Usually, when a client system connects to a network via WiFi or an ethernet cable, it automatically picks an IP address from the router. This is made possible through the DHCP server which auto-assigns IP addresses to clients from a pool of addresses.

The drawback with DHCP is that once the DHCP lease time has lapsed, the IP address of a system changes to a different one, and this leads to a disconnection in case the system was used for a particular service such as a file server. For this reason, you may want to set a static IP address so that it never changes even when the lease time is up.

In this guide, you will learn how to configure a static IP address on Ubuntu 20.04 server and desktop.

Network Configuration

Ubuntu uses the NetworkManager daemon for managing network configuration. You can configure a static IP either graphically or on the command line.

For this guide, we will focus on setting a static IP address using both the GUI and on the command line, and here is the IP configuration:

This information will be different for you, so replace the values accordingly according to your subnet.

On this page

  • Set Static IP Address on Ubuntu 20.04 Desktop
  • Set Static IP Address on Ubuntu 20.04 Server

How to Set Static IP Address On Ubuntu Desktop

To get started, Launch ‘ Settings ’ from the application menu as shown.

Ubuntu Settings

On the window that appears, click on the ‘ Network ’ tab at the left sidebar and then hit the gear icon on the network interface that you wish to configure. In my case, I’m configuring my wired interface.

Ubuntu Network

In the new window that appears, your interface’s network settings will be displayed as shown. By default, the IP address is set to use DHCP to automatically pick an IP address from the Router or any other DHCP server.

In our case, the current IP address assigned is 192.168.2.104 .

Ubuntu Network Configuration

Now select the IPv4 tab to start setting the static IP address. As you can see, the IP addressing is set to Automatic (DHCP) by default.

Ubuntu Network Method

Click on the ‘ Manual ’ option and new address fields will be displayed. Fill out your preferred static IP address, netmask, and default gateway.

Set Manual Network

The DNS is also set to automatic. To manually configure the DNS, click on the toggle to turn off Automatic DNS. Then provide your preferred DNS entries separated by a comma as shown.

Set Network DNS

Once all is done, click on the ‘ Apply ’ button at the top right corner of the window. For the changes to apply, restart the network interface by clicking on the toggle to disable it and enable it again.

Enable Network Connection

Once again, click on the gear icon to reveal the new IP configuration as shown.

Verify Network Configuration

You can also confirm the IP address on the terminal by running the ifconfig or ip addr command .

Check IP Address

To confirm the DNS servers, run the command:

Check DNS Servers

How to Set Static IP Address on Ubuntu Server Using Netplan

We have seen how we can configure a static IP address graphically on Ubuntu 20.04 desktop. The other option is configuring a static IP address on the terminal using Netplan .

Developed by Canonical, Netplan is a command-line utility used to configure networking on modern Ubuntu distributions. Netplan makes use of YAML files to configure network interfaces. You can configure an interface to acquire an IP dynamically using DHCP protocol or set a static IP.

Open your terminal and head over to the /etc/netplan directory. You will find a YAML configuration file which you will use to configure the IP address.

In my case the YAML file is 01-network-manager-all.yaml with the default settings as shown.

Netplan YAML File

For the Ubuntu server, the YAML file is 00-installer-config.yaml and these are the default settings.

Default Network Settings

To configure a static IP, copy and paste the configuration below. Be mindful of the spacing in the YAML file.

Next, save the file and run the netplan command below to save the changes.

You can thereafter confirm the IP address of your network interface using the ifconfig command .

Check Ubuntu Server IP Address

This wraps up today’s article. We hope you are now in a position to configure a static IP address on your Ubuntu 20.04 desktop & server system.

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Each tutorial at TecMint is created by a team of experienced Linux system administrators so that it meets our high-quality standards.

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21 thoughts on “How to Configure Static IP Address on Ubuntu 20.04”

DHCP is that once the DHCP lease time has lapsed, the IP address of a system changes to a different one, and this leads to a disconnection in case the system was used for a particular service such as a file server.

For this reason, you may want to set a static IP address so that it never changes even when the lease time is up.

Thanks for documenting this. However, after a reboot, I am left with the old IP address (DHCP). Guess there is another process that overrules the yaml file, but what??

Hey Pieter, that’s awkward. Ideally, the IP should not change since it’s a static IP. Did you try out both procedures. I’m just curious.

I had a static IP in the yaml file and this does not get an update if you adjust its IP via.

netplan ip a prior to gui adjustments gui DHCP => ip DHCP Gui static ip b => ip a It seems that netplan is not updated via GUI adjustments Enjoy the coffee ‘)

Could this lead to a clash of IP addresses between two computers on the same network? Another computer (computer B) which gets its IP address dynamically comes online when the computer with the static IP (computer A) is offline.

The dhcp server could assign the IP to computer B. Subsequently, when computer A comes online and tries to join the network there would be an IP conflict and both computers could end up not being able to connect to network resources or perform other network operations.

In some routers, this can be managed by restricting the range of IP addresses that the router can dynamically assign. Many routers don’t have that option.

To avoid the potential of such conflicts, I assign static IP addresses on the dhcp server to computers on the network based on the MAC addresses of their NICs.

I would appreciate your thoughts on how to prevent IP conflicts when the network is made of some devices that have static in and others have dynamic IP addresses assigned to them. This scenario is more common today where network devices like smart phones, tablets, smart TVs, and media streaming devices connecting to the network.

Managing IP addresses by MAC addresses is a pain and it would be very helpful if there is an easier way to prevent IP conflicts.

Your concern is very valid. To avoid a conflict in IP address assignment in a network, as you have just described, consider reserving the IP assigned to the server on the router. Say for example, if you want to assign Server A an IP of 172.16.0.100, simply login into your router and reserve the IP address. This prevents the IP from being made available to client PCs & other network devices via the DHCP protocol.

Ideally, before the static assignment, proper mapping of your network is advised so as to know which device is using which IP address. You can use nifty tools like Nmap to scan your network to get to know which IP addresses are in use to avoid assigning a duplicate IP statically on the server.

I hope this answers your question.

Wonderful post. Very simple and to the point. Thank you!!!! Keep it up!!!

Thank you very much Jaidev Shah. Keep it Tecmint.

Hi, why when we use the desktop method, the interfaces file does not get updated ? Where does the desktop tool write the information ?

That’s actually a very interesting question and I did not think about it before. I just configured a static IP on one of my Ubuntu boxes and used grep from /etc/ folder recursively to search for that IP. The IP address was written in:

/etc/NetworkManager/system-connections/Wired\ connection\ 1

So if you need to look where the desktop tool has written your settings, you can look at:

/etc/NetworkManager/system-connections/

Hey Marin, thanks for your contribution. I hadn’t actually seen it from that angle. Quite interesting I must say.

Great article just wondering about this part: “Remember to replace “enp0s3” with the name of your network adapter??? what do u mean by this? do you mean we should not change this name enp0s3 or changed with our network adapter? Cheers

Means, you should change “enp0s3” with your network adapter name for example, eth0 or eth1..

Sorry for my english, I would put a secondary IP in the same interface, like old versions (eth0 192.168.1.100… eth0:1 10.10.0.100) I know how to do it in the old versions, but in version 15.10, they have changed the commands. Can you help me?

Hello Nikon,

As the answer of this question is too long for the comment section, I would recommend you to submit your question to our Linuxsay discussion forum, where we will gladly provide more details:

http://linuxsay.com/

Where do the Nameserver numbers obtained? Elaborate on “Make sure to use your own settings depending on the network to which you are connected to.”

Can you please expand on this? IMPORTANT NOTE: For the purpose of this tutorial, I will be using the following settings:

IP Address: 192.168.0.100 Netmask: 255.255.255.0 Gateway: 192.168.0.1 Nameserver: 8.8.8.8 Nameserver: 8.8.4.4 Make sure to use your own settings depending on the network to which you are connected to. Where do you obtain the Nameserver numbers?

This depends on few things:

If your machine is connected to a router, you should see the settings in there.

If you are plugging your ISP’s internet cable directly to your computer (i.e no router, modem etc), you should use your ISP’s settings.

I want 1st IP by DHCP and 2nd static but, in Ubuntu 15.10 mi interface isn’t eth0 it is eno1 and if I put eno1:1 don’t works.

Actually the init script does exactly that – it calls systemctl. You can see it in the screenshot:

“restarting networking (via systemctl): networking service”

Both scripts do the same.

Why not use systemd to restart networking directly?

`systemctl restart network`

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UbuntuMint – Everything About Ubuntu Linux

How to Set Static IP Address in Ubuntu

If you’re a network administrator or a tech-savvy individual, you’re probably aware of the importance of having a static IP address. Unlike a dynamic IP address, which changes each time a device connects to the network, a static IP address remains fixed, making it easier to manage and access various network services.

In this blog post, we’ll guide you on how to set up a static IP address on Ubuntu distribution using three methods as follows.

1. Setting a Static IP in Ubuntu Desktop

1. Open the network icon located at the top right corner of the desktop, click on it, and select the “ Wi-Fi Settings ” option from the dropdown menu:

Ubuntu Wifi Settings

2. Once you have selected the “ Wi-Fi Settings “, you will see a list of available wireless connections. To access the network information for a particular wireless connection, click on the gear icon located at the end of the corresponding connection box:

View Ubuntu Wi-Fi Settings

3. Upon clicking the gear icon, a new dialog box will appear with network information presented in different sections. To view the assigned default IP address for the wireless connection, navigate to the “ Details ” tab. Here, you will find the default IP address that has been assigned using DHCP , which is 192.168.2.125 .

Check Ubuntu Desktop IP Address

4. To view detailed information on IP assignment, navigate to the “ IPv4 ” tab in the same dialog box. Here, you can find detailed information on how the default IP address has been assigned to the Ubuntu operating system through DHCP:

View IPv4 Settings

5. Next, select the “ Manual ” option in the IPv4 tab and enter the following details:

Finally, click on the “ Apply ” button located at the top right side of the dialog box to save the changes.

Set Static IP Ubuntu Desktop

6. After setting the static IP address, it’s important to verify that the changes have been applied correctly. To do this, you will need to restart the network by clicking the switch button to ON/OFF network located at the top right corner of the screen. Once the network has been restarted, click on the gear icon to display the network details.

Ubuntu Restart Network

7. After restarting the network and accessing the network details, you should see the network configuration that was performed manually in Ubuntu displayed in the “ Details ” section.

View Static IP Ubuntu Desktop

This should confirm that the static IP address has been successfully assigned to the Ubuntu operating system.

2. Set Ubuntu Static IP Using Nmcli

To set the static IP address on Ubuntu Server using the nmcli command, which is a command-line tool for configuring network settings.

1. First, open the terminal and run the following command to identify the network name, network type, and device name:

Check Ubuntu Network Connections

After executing the network command, you should see the output which includes the network name, UUID, network type, and device name.

In the case of the above figure, the network name is “ Wired connection 1 “, the UUID is “ 0fb27c8a-2e77-31c6-b212-2b3daa5e47e6 “, the network type is “ ethernet “, and the device name is “ ens33 “.

Note : If the nmcli command is not working on your Ubuntu system, you can install it by running the following apt command in the terminal:

2. Now assign a static IP address to the “ ens33 ” device, you can use the nmcli command-line tool with the following command:

Set Static IP in Ubuntu Server

The above command creates a new network connection named “ static-ip ” of type ethernet and sets the interface name to “ ens33 “. It then configures the IPv4 method to the manual and sets the IP address to 192.168.157.128 with a netmask of 24. It also sets the gateway to 192.168.157.2 .

3. Then add the DNS IP to the static IP connection by using the “ nmcli con mod ” command followed by the name of the static IP connection (“ static-ip “) and the “ ipv4.dns ” option with the IP address of the DNS server.

The above command tells Ubuntu to use the specified DNS server for resolving domain names into IP addresses. After execution of the command, DNS has been added with IP 192.168.157.2 .

4. To confirm that the selected machine is using a static IP address, the following command can be used:

Check Ubuntu Server IP

The command mentioned above can be used to verify whether a selected machine is using a static IP address or not. Upon executing the command, the static IP address, which was manually added to the Ubuntu under the device name ens33 , will be displayed in the red highlighted box as 192.168.157.128 .

5. To test the network connection, you can use the “ ping ” command followed by the IP address of a known reachable network resource. For example, to test the connection to the Google server, you can run the following command:

Test Ubuntu Network Connection

The displayed figure indicates that the internet connection is operating correctly, having transmitted ten packets and received them successfully. Consequently, the packet loss is 0%, and the highlighted box shows a duration of 10360 milliseconds.

3. Configure Ubuntu Static IP Using Netplan

Netplan is a network configuration utility used to manage the network interfaces on Ubuntu, which provides a YAML-based configuration file to configure the network interfaces and set the IP address, gateway, and DNS servers.

1. Before configuring the IP address, we need to identify the network interface name. We can use the following command to list all the network interfaces:

Check Ubuntu Network Interface

This shows a list of all the network interfaces available on the system, along with their names. Note the name of the interface that you want to configure.

2. In order to set up a static IP address on Ubuntu , we need to create a Netplan configuration file in the /etc/netplan/ directory with a .yaml extension as shown:

3. In the configuration file, we can set the IP address, subnet mask, and gateway as shown:

Set Static IP Using Netplan

By configuring the IP address of the interface ens33 to 192.168.157.128 with a subnet mask of 24, and setting the default gateway to 192.168.157.2 and DNS servers to 8.8.8.8 and 8.8.4.4 .

We are ensuring that the device has a fixed and reliable network connection. This configuration will allow administrators to manage the device more easily and ensure that it is always accessible using the assigned IP address.

4. Once the configuration file is created, we need to apply the changes using the following command:

5. To verify that the static IP address is configured correctly, use the following command to check the IP address of the interface:

Verify Ubuntu IP Address

This displays the IP address and network configuration of all the interfaces. We should see the new static IP address assigned to the interface that we configured.

A static IP address is essential for network administrators and tech-savvy people. It remains fixed and easier to manage, unlike a dynamic IP address that changes every time a device connects to the network.

This blog post provides three methods to set a static IP address in Ubuntu . The GUI method involves checking Wi-Fi settings and assigning IP details, while the CLI methods use the nmcli and netplan commands to assign a static IP address to a particular device.

Whether you prefer a graphical or command-line interface, our step-by-step guide will help you configure your Ubuntu system to use a static IP address in no time.

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How to Configure Static IP Address on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS and 22.10

Switching from dynamic IP allocation to static IP addresses is easy on Ubuntu 22.04 "Jammy Jellyfish" and 22.10.

The IP addresses of most devices today are generated by Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) servers. A DHCP server assigns a dynamic IP address to your device when it's connected to a network. Thus, you have the chance to change this IP address from time to time.

On the other hand, a static IP refers to a fixed, immutable address, different from dynamic IPs. You can set static IP settings for Ubuntu 22.04 LTS and 22.10 in three different ways. Here's how to get started.

Understanding IP Configuration in Ubuntu

Ubuntu's progression in network management has made configuring settings like the static IP more user-friendly. The feature to set a static IP in Ubuntu 22.04, in particular, has advantages in terms of network efficiency and stability.

Unlike dynamic IPs, which might vary over sessions, a static IP in Ubuntu remains consistent. This is especially advantageous for servers where consistent address recognition is paramount. For these servers, static IP configurations can become a necessity.

While the graphical interface offers a more intuitive way to handle IP configurations, using the static IP command line can offer more precision. For users who want granular control over their network configurations, command-line methods are a preferred choice. By mastering this method, users can ensure optimal Ubuntu IP configuration for their needs.

However, the benefits of a static IP in Ubuntu, especially in the 22.04 version, come with responsibilities. Ensuring that these IPs are correctly set up is crucial, as misconfigurations can lead to network vulnerabilities.

So follow the steps below to configure a static IP address on your Ubuntu machine correctly.

Set a Static IP on Ubuntu With the nmcli Command

It's pretty easy to configure Ubuntu 22.04 static IP settings using the nmcli command . nmcli is a text-based utility used to check the status of the wired connections you are using on your device.

With this command, you can access additional networking information such as your connection status, the name of your host device, and general permissions in your network configuration. If you're aiming to set a static IP on an Ubuntu server, this command proves invaluable.

You can get information about your connection with:

The output of this command will be as follows:

Create a static link with the command given below. Then, manually configure the enp0s3 and ipv4 settings with the appropriate parameters in the nmcli command:

If you use the nmcli connection show command again, you can see that the static link has been added.

nmcli-add-static-command-show

After this process, add the static connection you created to the DNS IP:

Now use the command below to activate the connection:

If the output displays "connection successfully activated," you've successfully set up a static IP address on your machine.

You can consider using static IP addresses to avoid connection problems caused by dynamic IP addresses. A static IP address allows you to have a fixed identity and location when connected to the internet.

You can verify the static IP you want to assign to your device by running:

ip-route-command-output

Using netplan for Static IP Settings on Ubuntu

Just like nmcli, another command you can use for setting a static IP on Ubuntu is netplan. You can easily make Ubuntu static IP settings using the netplan command in 22.04 LTS and 22.10 versions. To do this, follow the steps below.

First, find out the name of your network interface using:

sudo-ip-a-command-output

What you see here is your network interface name. This name may be different on each device.

Now, create a file named 01-netcfg.yaml in the /etc/netplan folder. Edit it with your favorite text editor.

Add the following lines to the file:

As you can see, you have disabled the DHCP IP setting with the dhcp4: no statement. You've then added the IP address and DNS settings assigned by Google.

After saving this file, run the following to apply the changes:

Configure Static IP Settings on Ubuntu Graphically

The graphical network interface in Ubuntu 22.04 is quite useful if you don't want to use the command line. So much so that you can easily set the Ubuntu static IP address using this interface.

To do this, click on the Network icon in the upper right corner of your desktop. Then, select Wired Settings from the drop-down menu. Click on the Gear icon to open the settings window.

settings-screen-settings-1

Then, switch to the IPv4 tab in the window that opens.

ipv4-settings-with-gui

As you can see, DHCP is enabled by default. Change the IPv4 Method to Manual as you want to use a static IP instead of a dynamic one. Next, change your address, netmask, and gateway settings. Finally, modify your DNS setting and click the Apply button.

ipv4-settings-apply-button

You must restart this wired connection for all these actions to take effect. To do this, simply toggle the switch next to the network name on and then off.

gui-settings-apply

Why Should You Use Static IP Addresses on Ubuntu?

You've now understood how to configure a static IP in Ubuntu, especially in the "Jammy Jellyfish" 22.04 LTS version and 22.10, using both graphical and command-line methods with nmcli and netplan.

Due to insufficient IP addresses, some service providers may assign the same address to two different users. In this case, connection problems can occur. Using static IP addresses instead does not cause such problems as it is user-specific, but beware as someone can misuse your IP address in several ways.

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How do I set a static IP address?

My eth0 is using DHCP to get IP address for Internet. However I still need to set some static IP for my LAN. The following is my setting in /etc/network/interface. Any problem on the script ? I always failed when I try to start network.

I checked the IP via ifconfig. and found eth0:3 is set but others. May I know what's the problem?

Jorge Castro's user avatar

  • possible duplicate of How to set static ip address in guest Ubuntu running in Virtual Box –  Andrea Corbellini Aug 20, 2014 at 16:47

3 Answers 3

You don't really need to edit `/etc/network/interfaces' to set the static IP addresses. You can do that using the Network Manager. Just right click on the network applet and go to Edit Connections.

If you however don't want to use the network manager, the following steps will help you assign multiple ip addresses:

  • Disable the network manager sudo service network-manager stop
  • Get the IP address from the server using: sudo dhclient eth0
  • Assign the first ip addresses like this: sudo ip addr add 192.168.20.222/24 dev eth0 , and repeat for other IP addresses.
  • Add the default route using: sudo route add default gw <internet gateway ip address>

If you do step 2, step 4 is not required. Hope that helps.

The Terminator's user avatar

  • thanks. I prefer use Network-manager. but when I edit the connection and add two more static ip address and then reboot. Then the ip change to lan only, I lost my dhcp ip address. –  iAsk Mar 7, 2012 at 5:12
  • Well then go with the command line. –  The Terminator Mar 7, 2012 at 10:11
  • command line is easier, but I need to input password every time. thanks –  iAsk Mar 7, 2012 at 11:19
  • sudo su will relieve you of that trouble. –  The Terminator Mar 7, 2012 at 16:53
  • sudo su still need input password, how come to relieve the trouble. –  iAsk Mar 13, 2012 at 6:11

If you have NetworkManager installed, it could be causing a problem with /etc/network/interfaces. See /usr/share/doc/network-manager/README.Debian (I've used Ubuntu just enough to install it for someone else).

ashley willis's user avatar

  • can network manager achieve some work? I tried to assign static IP in network manager and also failed. –  iAsk Mar 7, 2012 at 3:18

If the problem persists while setting up a static ip, use the following steps to set up a new static ip address:

Open terminal (command line) and type the following command:

Make the changes as follows:

Save and close the file. Restart networking:

amc's user avatar

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set static ip address ubuntu command line

How to Set Static IP Address on Ubuntu Server 22.04

In this post, we will cover how to set static ip address on Ubuntu server 22.04.

It is highly recommended to have a static ip on linux server because it would be persistent across the reboot. Static IP plays an important role for servers like Mail Server, Web Server and File server etc.

Prerequisites

  • Minimal Installed Ubuntu Server 22.04
  • Regular User with sudo admin rights

In Ubuntu server 22.04, networking is controlled by netplan utility , so we will use netplan to configure static ip address on Ubuntu server.

Note: we cannot use nmcli utiltity as it is not the part of default installation on Ubuntu server.

Setting up Static IP address on Ubuntu Server 22.04

Login to your Ubuntu server 22.04, look for the netplan configuration file. It is located under /etc/netplan directory.

Run below cat command to view the contents of ‘00-installer-config.yaml’

Note: Name of configuration file may differ as your per setup. As it is an yaml file, so make sure to maintain the indentation and syntax while editing.

Default-Content-netplan-ubuntu-server

As per above output, it says that we have ens33 interface and it is getting ip from dhcp server. Alternate way to view interface name is via ip command.

Now, to configure static ip in place of dhcp, edit netplan configuration file using vi or nano editor and add the following content.

save and close the file.

Updated-Netplan-Config-File-Content-Ubuntu-Server

In the above file we have used following,

  • ens33 is the interface name
  • addresses are used to set the static ip
  • nameservers used to specify the DNS server ips
  • routes used to specify the default gateway

Note: Change the IP details and interface name as per your environment.

To make above changes into the effect the apply these changes using following netplan command,

Run following ip command to view the ip address on interface,

To view the default route, run

Output of above commands,

ip-addr-route-command-output-ubuntu-server

Perfect, above commands’ output confirms that static ip and route has been configured successfully.

That’s all from this post. Kindly do post your queries and feedback in below comments section.

11 thoughts on “How to Set Static IP Address on Ubuntu Server 22.04”

How do I use Netplan to set up a static IP address on WIFI?

change the network device “ens33” to something else, it will be listed when you run “ip a”; it;s probably wlan0 but that’s not guaranteed.

there will be a config file for the wifi interface. look for something like 00-installer-config-wifi.yaml

Hey! thanks I had problems before setting up the DNS and none config would work! This one did and you made this post really simple to follow!

Your text for configuring a static IP address does not work in my Ubuntu 20.04.5 server’s NIC. No matter how I space or tab the indentations, I get “Ivalid YAML: inconsistent indentation: addresses:

I’ve been at the problem for a couple of weeks, with no fix in site; no spacing or tabbing change I make fixes it. Can anyone please advise me? Thanks.

try paste the YAML into here ‘https://www.yamllint.com/’

Copy paste not work here, you should try typing instead or if you paste, try to delete all the space before each line and tab key until the same format

The spacing must be done with the space key. If you try to make spaces in a yaml file with the tab key it will not work. Also you should let yamllint.com correct the file for you

Your article is quite nice and clear! but after followed, following error occurred when ping google.com: “temporary failure in name resolution”, meanwhile localhost can be visited. Is anyone facing this issue as well? I’ll quite appreciate it if can get some advise.

can we use default DHCP ip configuration along with another static ip in ubuntu 22.04 ? i already have ens33 then i added eth0 as static ip , netplan apply did not thrown any errors but unable to see my static ip , when i do ifconfig 🙁 even after reboot its not applying, any suggestions..

i successfully set up my static ip but I cant ping to 192.168.1.1 why

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ITzGeek

How to Set a Static IP Address On Ubuntu 22.04

set static ip address ubuntu command line

The first task anyone would do after installing Ubuntu is setting an IP address to a system to connect to the network/internet. If the Wi-Fi router, ISP, or network doesn’t provide DHCP services, you must manually assign IP addresses.

Here, we will see how to set a static IP Address on Ubuntu 22.04, using,

  • GNOME Control Center
  • NetworkManager

You can use any method to set a static IP address on Ubuntu 22.04.

Find Network Interfaces on Ubuntu 22.04

You can run any of the below commands in a terminal to get a list of network interfaces available on the system.

The output of the ifconfig command on a desktop:

The output of the ifconfig command on a laptop:

Here, we will see how to configure a static IP for enp0s3 (Wired) / wl01 (Wi-Fi).

IP Address : 192.168.0.10 Netmask : 255.255.255.0 Gateway : 192.168.0.1 DNS Server 1 : 192.168.0.1 DNS Server 2 : 8.8.8.8 Domain Name : itzgeek.local

Set Static IP Address on Ubuntu 22.04 Desktop

1. using gnome network manager.

Using the GNOME network control center to set a static IP address on In Ubuntu 22.04 desktop is straightforward.

Set IP for Wired Interface using GNOME

Open the Gnome control center using the gnome-control-center network command or go to Activities >> Settings >> Network .

Click on the gear icon on the Wired interface page and then IPv4 tab >> Manual >> Enter IP address, Netmask, Gateway, DNS (Toggle to disable Automatic DNS configuration) >> Apply .

Set IP for Wired Interface

Finally, use the toggle in the Network page to disable and enable the network interface to apply the IP address.

Set IP Address for Wi-Fi using GNOME

Open the Gnome control center using the gnome-control-center wifi command or go to Activities >> Settings >> Wi-Fi .

Click on your Wifi router name and then enter the router’s password to connect. Your laptop will automatically receive an IP address from a Wi-Fi router with a built-in DHCP service on a successful connection.

Wi-Fi Access Points

To assign a static IP address or Wi-Fi interface, click on the gear icon on the Wi-Fi interface page and then IPv4 tab >> Manual >> Enter IP address, Netmask, Gateway, DNS (Toggle to disable Automatic DNS configuration) >> Apply .

Set IP for Wired Wi-Fi

Finally, disable and enable the Wi-Fi interface to apply the IP address.

2. Using Netplan

Netplan is a utility for easily configuring networking on a Ubuntu system. It reads the configuration files .yaml present in the /etc/netplan directory.

This utility supports both networkd and Network Manager as backends. However, using Network Manager as a backend renderer: NetworkManager is recommended for the Ubuntu desktop. The remaining configurations are the same as that of the networkd .

3. Using NetworkManager CLI

Set ip for wired interface using nmcli.

First, let us list the available network connections.

Then, configure static IP address to wired interface.

Finally, run the below commands to apply the IP address.

Set IP Address for Wi-Fi using nmcli

First, list the available Wi-Fi access points using the below command.

Next, connect to the Wi-Fi access point.

And then, configure static IP address to Wi-Fi interface.

Finally, run the below commands to apply the IP address

Set Static IP Address Using NetPlan on Ubuntu 22.04 Server

Netplan is a network configuration utility that reads YAML files and generates all network configurations for the renderer tool (NetworkManager or networkd) to configure the network on a system.

Netplan configuration files are found in the /etc/netplan/ directory.

Remove any configuration files .yaml present in the /etc/netplan directory.

Set IP for Wired Interface using Netplan

Now, create a new netplan configuration for the wired network interface.

Then, make changes to the below information and use it for your requirement.

And then generate the required configuration for the renderers.

Finally, apply all network configurations and restart renderers.

Set IP Address for Wi-Fi using Netplan

Wi-Fi Interface Name : wl01 Wireless Access Point Name : Raj Wireless Access Point Password :  MyPass

First, create a new netplan configuration for the wired network interface.

Verify Static IP Address on Ubuntu 22.04

Verify the static IP address using the below commands.

Also, verify the DNS server’s entries.

That’s All.

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How to Set Static IP Address on Ubuntu 22.04

Hello folks, in this guide, we will cover how to set static ip address on Ubuntu 22.04 (Jammy Jellyfish) step by step.

There are two ways to configure static ip address on Ubuntu 22.04,

Table of Contents

  • Command line
  • GUI (Desktop Environment)

From command line we use either nmcli or netplan command to set static ip address.

Set Static IP address using nmcli command

Open the terminal, run following nmcli commands.

To view the existing connection, run

nmcli-connection-show-ubuntu

As we can see above, my system has an existing connection named ‘ Wired connection 1 ’ which is using physical nic ‘ enp0s3 ’. In my case, this interface is getting IP address from DHCP server. So, to set the fixed static ip run,

Note: Replace the IP address and connection name as per your environment.

Add the DNS IP address,

Disable & enable the connection, run

Output of above commands would look like below:

nmcli-command-static-ip-address-ubuntu

Now this ip address is persistent across the reboot. To verify ip address run following ip commands ,

View-IP-Address-Route-Ubuntu

Alternate way to configure static ip address is via netplan utility .

Create ‘ 01-netcfg.yaml ‘ under the directory /etc/netplan with following content,

netplan-network-file-ubuntu

Save and close the file.

To make the above changes into the affect, run

View the IP address, run

netplan-apply-ip-address-show-ubuntu

Perfect, above confirms that static ip address has been assigned to enp0s3 interface.

Setup Static IP address via GUI (Desktop Environment)

If you are not comfortable with command line, then you can set static ip address from desktop GUI.

From the Desktop Activity –>Search Settings –> Go to Network section

Network-Settings-Ubuntu-Desktop

Click on the gearbox icon then following window will be shown. Select IPv4 Tab,

Automatic-IPv4-Option-Network-Settings-Ubuntu

Change the IPv4 Method from Automatic to Manual . Specify the IP address details along with DNS IP.

Static-IP-address-Desktop-GUI-Ubuntu

Click on Apply to save the changes.

Now disable and enable the interface by toggling the icon.

Close the settings window and verify the ip address using following commands

Verify-IP-From-Desktop-Terminal-Ubuntu

That’s all from this guide, I hope you have found it informative. Kindly do post your feedback and queries in below comments section.

Read Also : How to Install Docker on Ubuntu 22.04 / 20.04 (Step by Step)

2 thoughts on “How to Set Static IP Address on Ubuntu 22.04”

sudo netplan apply, not ‘sudo netplan appy’ 🤓

It was a typo, I have correct it now. Thanks

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TecAdmin

How to Configure Static IP Address on Ubuntu 22.04

After installing Ubuntu 22.04 the default network interface assigns an IP address using the DHCP server. Also, the wireless network will be active and enable networking over the wifi network.

You can also configure the network interface with static IPv4 addresses. Ubuntu 22.04 uses the Netplan as a network manager.

This tutorial helps you to configure network interfaces on Ubuntu 22.04 Desktop and Ubuntu 22.04 Server editions. The desktop users can use any one of the below methods but the server users that have CLI only access use the second method to edit network interface configuration files.

Method 1: Configuring Static IPv4 Address on Ubuntu 22.04 Desktop

The Ubuntu Desktop editions have a graphical interface for configuring the network interfaces. Follow the below steps to configure a static IP address on Ubuntu 22.04 Desktop system.

  • Click the network icon in the upper-right corner.
  • Then expand the Wired Connected dropdown.
  • Now, click on Wired Setting as shown below image.

Configuring Static IP on Ubuntu 22.04

  • A network settings dialog box will appear.
  • Now, click “Network” in left sidebar.
  • Under the Wired section, click the Gear icon as showing in below image

Configuring Static IP on Ubuntu 22.04

  • A new Wired dialog box will appear.
  • Now, click on “IPv4” tab.
  • Set IPv4 Method to Manual
  • Input a valid IP address, Netmark and Gateway address
  • Set the DNS server (optional)
  • Click Apply button to save changes

Configuring Static IP on Ubuntu 22.04

  • All done. Ubuntu Desktop system IP address is now changed.

Method 2: Configuring Static IPv4 Address on Ubuntu 22.04 Server with CLI

Server editions are installed without any graphical interface. In that case, you need to configure the IP address using the command line.

Ubuntu uses the Netplan as a network manager that is responsible for configuring the network interfaces. Follow the below steps:

Configure Static IPv4 Address using Netplan on Ubuntu

Add the network configuration in YAML format as below:

In the above configuration:

  • eth0 - is the network interface name
  • addresses - is used to configure IPv4 address on an interface. Make sure to define CIDR. You can add multiple addresses here
  • nameservers - Set the name servers here. 8.8.8.8 and 8.8.4.4 are Google's name servers
  • routes - This is used to set gateway on your system.

In this tutorial, you have learned 2 methods of configuring network interface on Ubuntu 22.04 systems. The first method uses the GUI interface to set up a static IP address. The second method provides you with the instructions to configure the network interface via the command line using Netplan.

You can also configure multiple IP addresses on a single network interface.

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10 comments.

set static ip address ubuntu command line

**networkctl list** IDX LINK TYPE OPERATIONAL SETUP 1 Io loopback carrier unmanaged 2 eth0 ether routable configured

**route** Destination Gateway Genmask ….. iface default 192.168.178.1 0.0.0.0 …… eth0 192.168.178.0 0.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 …… eth0

**/etc/netplan/000-installer-config.yaml** network: version: 2 renderer: networkd ethernets: eth0: addresses: – 192.168.178.43/24 nameservers: addresses: [8.8.8.8] routes: – to: default via: 192.168.178.1

After this `ip-a` confirms i have ip address 192.168.178.43, but `ping -4 192.168.178.1` says: Destination Host Unreachable

Any ideas on how to change? I only have CLI, no GUI running

set static ip address ubuntu command line

Oh man bring back /etc/network/interfaces

set static ip address ubuntu command line

If you use the GUI, you need to disable and then enable the connection. Just clicking on ‘Apply’ doesn’t change anything.

set static ip address ubuntu command line

I am getting an error: Error in network definition expected mapping (check indentation) network:

Any help would be great!

set static ip address ubuntu command line

When I set – to: default via: 192.168.1.1 I get an error : could not find expected ‘-‘ before via and when I add this ‘-‘ before via, then I get : error in network definition: global unicst route must include both ‘to’ and ‘via’ IP.

That’s a nightmarre to configure a simple eth0 using CLI.

set static ip address ubuntu command line

I have again verified the configuration file and it works fine for me. Make sure that JSON is properly formatted and any extra or less space may cause syntax issues.

set static ip address ubuntu command line

It is warning that gateway4 is depracated and default routes should be used instead.

Thanks, Ken, article is updated accordingly.

set static ip address ubuntu command line

gateway4: is no longer allowed as an option in Ubuntu 22.04

Now requires

routes: – to: default via: 192.168.1.1

Thanks, Passerby, gateway4 works but as its deprecated, I have updated the article to routes.

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Tutorials Maker

Ubuntu 22.04 Set Static IP Address Command Line

Ubuntu 22.04 Set Static IP Address Command Line

Ubuntu set static ip address using command line; Through this tutorial, we will learn how to set static ip address on linux ubuntu 22.04 system using command line or prompt.

How to Set Static IP Address in Ubuntu 22.04 Using Command Line

Steps to set static ip address in ubunut 22.04 using command line or terminal:

Step 1 – Check device name

Step 2 – create a static connection, step 3 – add dns ip to static-ip, step 4 – activate the static connection, step 5 – verify the ip assignment to the selected device.

First of all open terminal or command line to check device name by using the following command:

The given output shows that our device name is “ emp0s3 ”:

Use the following command to create a new static connection named “ static ip ” for the “ emp0s3 ” device:

Execute the following command to add the DNS IP to the “ static-ip ” connection:

Execute the following command on command lien to active “ static-ip ” connection:

Now, execute the “ ip ” command with the “ a ” option to validate the IP assigned to the “ enp0s3 ” device:

Then, verify the internet connectivity with the help of the following “ ping ” command:

Through this tutorial, we have learned how to set a static IP address on Linux ubuntu 22.04 system using the command line or prompt.

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set static ip address ubuntu command line

Author Admin

Greetings, I'm Devendra Dode, a full-stack developer, entrepreneur, and the proud owner of Tutsmake.com. My passion lies in crafting informative tutorials and offering valuable tips to assist fellow developers on their coding journey. Within my content, I cover a spectrum of technologies, including PHP, Python, JavaScript, jQuery, Laravel, Livewire, CodeIgniter, Node.js, Express.js, Vue.js, Angular.js, React.js, MySQL, MongoDB, REST APIs, Windows, XAMPP, Linux, Ubuntu, Amazon AWS, Composer, SEO, WordPress, SSL, and Bootstrap. Whether you're starting out or looking for advanced examples, I provide step-by-step guides and practical demonstrations to make your learning experience seamless. Let's explore the diverse realms of coding together.

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XDA Developers

How to set a static internal IP in Ubuntu

Quick links, how to set static internal ip in ubuntu using the gui, how to set static internal ip in ubuntu using the terminal and text editor.

There comes a time when you might have to configure Ubuntu or any other Linux distribution with a static IP address. While you can't change your external static IP address, since it's the one your internet service provider provides, you can change your internal one. This is the IP address used on your network inside your home or office.

Though many tasks on Ubuntu usually require you to visit the terminal app and deal with lines of text, changing your internal IP is easy. You can do this through the settings app and the Graphical User Interface (GUI). Of course, if you want, you can also swap things out by going through the terminal. Here's how.

Without any technical know-how or knowledge, you can set a static IP in Ubuntu through the settings app. Just note, you will have to use the terminal once to find a range of IP addresses that you can assign. Once you do that, you just tap the Windows Key or the Superkey on your device and search for Settings . Once the app is open, proceed with the steps below.

  • If you're connected to the internet via Wi-Fi, choose Wi-Fi . If you're connected via Ethernet, select Network.
  • Once the interface is open, click the settings icon next to the network you're connected to.
  • From the list of tabs at the top, choose IPv4.
  • Under ipv4 method, be sure to choose Manual.
  • Under Addresses, enter the IP address, the Netmask, and the Gateway you want to use. For finding IP addresses that'll work on your network, you can proceed with the steps below.
  • Open a terminal session. With Ctrl, Alt, and T. Install net-tools with the command sudo apt install net-tools.
  • In this case, we have an inet of 192.168.1.176 and a netmask of 255.255.255.0. We can enter those numbers and can calculate the usable range using this website .
  • When you've calculated the usable range of addresses, choose a valid IP address that falls within this range. Then, you can click Apply at the top.

Any changes you apply will automatically go into effect. If you want, you can also use the terminal to confirm your IP address. Launch it with Ctrl, Alt, and T on your keyboard. Once launched, enter the command ip addr or ip a . You should see an interface IP address listed.

If you're a bit more technical and want to set a static IP in Ubuntu using the terminal, that is possible. You'll have to edit some lines of text and go through a few extra steps, but here's how:

  • Display information about your network. Use the command nmcli connection show. You'll see a network name, a UUID, a Type, and a Device. If this package isn't installed (though it should be, as it comes preinstalled with Ubuntu), then run sudo apt-get install network-manager
  • Note down the range of IP addresses you'll be able to use. Use the command ip addr to find out your machine's current IP address. This tutorial assumes that your network adapter is called enp0s3. If it isn't, then look for the correct one and also change the interface names in the subsequent commands. In the above example, we have an inet of 10.0.2.15, with the /24 denoting that the network uses a 255.255.255.0 subnet mask. In most cases, your usable network range will be whatever is in the first three places of the internal IP address, and then any unused number on your network between 1 and 255 in the last section. For example, we can use 10.0.2.16. If you're unsure, you can enter the subnet mask and your internal IP address into this website to calculate the usable range.
  • Note the IP address of your default gateway with the command ip r. In our example, it's 10.2.2.2.
  • Next, we'll add a new static connection option. Run the following command, making sure to change the numbers after "ip4" and "gw4" depending on your network conditions. These are the IP address you want to change your machine to and the current default gateway, respectively. sudo nmcli con add con-name "static" ifname enp0s3 type ethernet ip4 10.0.2.13/24 gw4 10.0.2.2 In our case, we do the following.
  • Set your DNS, manual DHCP (so, a static IP), and enable the connection. You can do that by running the following commands in succession. nmcli con mod "static" ipv4.dns "1.1.1.1,8.8.8.8" You can swap out the DNS servers above for whatever you want, they are in order of primary and secondary. nmcli con mod "static" ipv4.method manual; nmcli con up "static" ifname enp0s3 Once done, you can run nmcli con show to see if the new connection is enabled. If the output above looks like yours, then you're ready to go!

Setting complete

That's all you need to set up a static IP in Ubuntu. It doesn't take much effort. Remember, we're always writing about Linux, so you can check out our guide to the best Linux laptops should you need one.

How to set a static internal IP in Ubuntu

IMAGES

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  2. Ubuntu 22.04 Set Static IP Address Command Line

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  3. How to Configure Static IP Address on Ubuntu 20.04

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  5. How To Configure Static IP in Ubuntu 18.04 Desktop

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COMMENTS

  1. Set static IP in Ubuntu using Command Line

    How To Set static IP in Ubuntu using Terminal Pratham Patel Dec 5, 2022 Table of Contents Normally, the router's DHCP server handles assigning the IP address to every device on the network, including your computer. The DHCP server may also give you a new IP address occasionally.

  2. How to Configure Static IP Address on Ubuntu 20.04

    The first step toward setting up a static IP address is identifying the name of the ethernet interface you want to configure. To do so, use the ip link command, as shown below: ip link The command prints a list of all the available network interfaces. In this example, the name of the interface is ens3:

  3. How to Set a Static IP Address in Ubuntu

    After gathering your connection name, subnet mask, and default gateway, you can set a static IP address in the terminal using the nmcli command. Or, in the GNOME desktop, open your connection settings and click the + icon, then enter the info for your static IP address there.

  4. Linux Basics

    This tutorial explains how to set up a static IP address on an Ubuntu system from the command line. It covers network configuration for all current versions of Ubuntu and includes instructions for configuring a static IP address, setting the hostname, and configuring name resolution.

  5. Setting a Static IP in Ubuntu

    How to Set a Static IP Using the Command Line In this section, we will explore all the steps in detail needed to configure a static IP. Step 1: Launch the terminal You can launch the terminal using the shortcut Ctrl+ Shift+t. Step 2: Note information about the current network

  6. How to Assign Static IP Address on Ubuntu Linux

    Step 1: Get the name of network interface and the default gateway The first thing you need to know is the name of the network interface for which you have to set up the static IP. You can either use ip command or the network manager CLI like this: nmcli d In my case, it shows my Ethernet (wired) network is called enp0s25:

  7. How do I set a static IP in Ubuntu 20.04.3 LTS?

    One of the steps is setting up a static IP address. So, I was glad to find this answer. Following it, I created /etc/netplan/50-cloud-init.yaml file, pasted network: ethernets: enp0s3: addresses: [desired_ip_address/24] gateway4: my_router_ip_address dhcp4: no nameservers: addresses: [1.1.1.1,8.8.8.8] optional: true version: 2 and run

  8. How to Configure Static IP Address on Ubuntu 18.04

    Open the YAML configuration file with your text editor : sudo nano /etc/netplan/01-netcfg.yaml /etc/netplan/01-netcfg.yaml network: version: 2 renderer: networkd ethernets: ens3: dhcp4: yes Before changing the configuration, let's explain the code in a short.

  9. How to Configure Static IP Address on Ubuntu 20.04

    Ubuntu Network Method. Click on the ' Manual ' option and new address fields will be displayed. Fill out your preferred static IP address, netmask, and default gateway. Set Manual Network. The DNS is also set to automatic. To manually configure the DNS, click on the toggle to turn off Automatic DNS.

  10. How to Set Static IP Address on Ubuntu Linux

    Netplan Configuration Files It is advisable to create a backup of the default netplan configuration file as follows. $ sudo cp 01-network-manager-all.yaml 01-network-manager-all.yaml.bk Next, run the command below to confirm the name of the network interface for which you want to set an IP address. $ ip addr sh Check Network Interface Name

  11. How to Configure Static IP Address on Ubuntu

    1. Setting a Static IP in Ubuntu Desktop 1. Open the network icon located at the top right corner of the desktop, click on it, and select the " Wi-Fi Settings " option from the dropdown menu: Ubuntu Wifi Settings 2. Once you have selected the " Wi-Fi Settings ", you will see a list of available wireless connections.

  12. How to Configure Static IP Address on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS and 22.10

    It's pretty easy to configure Ubuntu 22.04 static IP settings using the nmcli command. nmcli is a text-based utility used to check the status of the wired connections you are using on your device.

  13. Manual Network Configuration in Linux and How to Set a Static IP Address

    auto eth1 enables automatic configuration for this interface during boot. iface eth1 inet static sets eth1 as an IPv4 interface with a static address. address, netmask, and gateway assign the respective addresses and network. dns-nameservers, while not strictly necessary, sets the DNS servers to use.

  14. networking

    3 Answers Sorted by: 3 You don't really need to edit `/etc/network/interfaces' to set the static IP addresses. You can do that using the Network Manager. Just right click on the network applet and go to Edit Connections. If you however don't want to use the network manager, the following steps will help you assign multiple ip addresses:

  15. How to Set Static IP in Ubuntu Using Command Line?

    Step 2: Set the DNS Server for the Static IP. To set the DNS for the already provided IPv4, the below command is used: $ sudo nmcli con mod static-ip ipv4.dns 192.168.1.1. This means that any network traffic that goes through this connection will use the specified DNS server to resolve domain names into IP addresses.

  16. How to configure static IP address on Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa Desktop

    Click on the top right network icon and select settings corresponding to the network interface you wish to assign with the static IP address. Next, click on the gear box icon next to your network connection you wish to configure. This could be wired or wireless connection. Select IPv4 tab. Set IPv4 Method to Manual.

  17. Configuring networks

    To temporarily configure an IP address, you can use the ip command in the following manner. Modify the IP address and subnet mask to match your network requirements. sudo ip addr add 10.102.66.200/24 dev enp0s25. The ip can then be used to set the link up or down. ip link set dev enp0s25 up ip link set dev enp0s25 down.

  18. How to Set Static IP Address on Ubuntu Server 22.04

    Login to your Ubuntu server 22.04, look for the netplan configuration file. It is located under /etc/netplan directory. $ cd /etc/netplan/ $ ls -l total 4 -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 116 Oct 12 04:03 00-installer-config.yaml $ Run below cat command to view the contents of '00-installer-config.yaml'

  19. How to Set a Static IP Address On Ubuntu 22.04

    Wi-Fi Access Points. To assign a static IP address or Wi-Fi interface, click on the gear icon on the Wi-Fi interface page and then IPv4 tab >> Manual >> Enter IP address, Netmask, Gateway, DNS (Toggle to disable Automatic DNS configuration) >> Apply. Set IP for Wired Wi-Fi. Finally, disable and enable the Wi-Fi interface to apply the IP address.

  20. How to Set Static IP Address on Ubuntu 22.04

    If you are not comfortable with command line, then you can set static ip address from desktop GUI. From the Desktop Activity ->Search Settings -> Go to Network section. Click on the gearbox icon then following window will be shown. Select IPv4 Tab, Change the IPv4 Method from Automatic to Manual. Specify the IP address details along with ...

  21. How to Configure Static IP Address on Ubuntu 22.04

    Follow the below steps to configure a static IP address on Ubuntu 22.04 Desktop system. Click the network icon in the upper-right corner. Then expand the Wired Connected dropdown. Now, click on Wired Setting as shown below image. A network settings dialog box will appear. Now, click "Network" in left sidebar.

  22. Ubuntu 22.04 Set Static IP Address Command Line

    Step 1 - Check device name Step 2 - Create a Static connection Step 3 - Add DNS IP to static-ip Step 4 - Activate the Static connection Step 5 - Verify the IP assignment to the selected device Step 1 - Check device name First of all open terminal or command line to check device name by using the following command: nmcli connection show

  23. How to configure static IP address on Ubuntu 22.04 Jammy Jellyfish

    Follow the appropriate section below depending on whether you would like to configure a static IP address via desktop GUI or via command line. Configure Static IP address on Desktop. Click on the top right network icon and select settings corresponding to the network interface you wish to assign with the static IP address.

  24. How to set a static internal IP in Ubuntu

    If you're connected to the internet via Wi-Fi, choose Wi-Fi.If you're connected via Ethernet, select Network.; Once the interface is open, click the settings icon next to the network you're ...